May First Labour Movement Centre

List of assassinated people

This is a list of persons who were assassinated; that is, important people who were murdered, usually for ideological or political reasons. This list does not include executed persons.

Assassinations in Africa

Algeria

Angola

Burkina Faso

Burundi

Cameroon

Chad

Comoros

Congo (Brazzaville)

Congo (Kinshasa)

Côte d'Ivoire

Egypt

Equatorial Guinea

Ethiopia

The Gambia

Guinea

Kenya

Lesotho

Liberia

Madagascar

Mozambique

Namibia

Niger

Nigeria

Rwanda

Somalia

South Africa

Sudan

Swaziland

Tanzania

Togo

Tunisia

  • Khalil Wazir ("Abu Jihad"), (1988), military leader of the PLO, in Tunis
  • Salah Khalaf ("Abu Iyad"), (1991), deputy leader of the PLO killed by Abu Nidal terrorists in Tunis, Tunisia

Uganda

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Assassinations in the Americas

Antigua and Barbuda

Argentina

Bermuda

Bolivia

Brazil

Canada

Chile

Colombia

Cuba

Dominican Republic

Ecuador

El Salvador

Guatemala

Guyana

  • Michael Forde, (1964), PPP activist killed when a bomb he was removing from the party's bookstore exploded
  • Leo J. Ryan, (1978), US Congressman (D) from San Mateo, California; killed while investigating religious cult led by American Jim Jones
  • Walter Rodney, (1980), Guyanese historian and political figure
  • Satyadeow Sawh, (2006), Agriculture Minister was murdered along with his brother and sister, a security guard by masked gunmen dressed in military fatigues

Haiti

Honduras

Mexico

Nicaragua

Panama

Paraguay

Peru

Suriname

United States

Uruguay

Venezuela

Assassinations in Asia

Afghanistan

Bangladesh

Bhutan

Cambodia

China

Georgia

  • Cemal Pasha, (1922), former Ottoman Minister, in Tbilisi, by an Armenian or allegedly by either the NKVD or Cheka.

India

Iran

Iraq

Israel

Japan

Jordan

Korea

Kuwait

Lebanon

Malaysia

Mongolia

Myanmar (Burma)

Nepal

  • Birendra, (2001), King of Nepal (along with Queen Aiswary and 9 other members of the royal family)

Pakistan

Palestinian territories

Philippines

Qatar

Saudi Arabia

Sri Lanka

Karuna Group

Syria

Turkey

  • Hasan Fehmi, (1909), journalist, by government agents
  • Mahmud Şevket Pasha (1913), prime minister
  • Abdi İpekçi (1979), liberal journalist
  • Kemal Türkler (1980), labor union leader
  • Nihat Erim (1980), former prime minister
  • Musa Anter (1992), Kurdish activist
  • Ugur Mumcu (1993), left-wing journalist
  • Hrant Dink (2007), Armenian journalist

Vietnam

Yemen

Assassinations in Australia and Oceania

Australia

New Caledonia

Samoa

Palau

Assassinations in Europe

Albania

Austria

Belgium

Bulgaria

Cyprus

Czech Republic

Denmark

Estonia

Finland

France

Germany

Greece

Hungary

Ireland

Italy (and former Roman Empire)

Malta

Netherlands

Norway

Ottoman Empire

Poland

Portugal

---Puerto Rico=== Filiberto Ojeda

Romania

Slovakia

Slovenia

Spain

Sweden

Switzerland

Turkey

United Kingdom (and predecessor states)

Serbia and Yugoslavia

Ukraine

Assassinations in Russia and the former Soviet Union

Deaths under suspicious circumstances

  • Ivan Safronov, (2007), Russian journalist and columnist. Died after falling from the fifth floor of his Moscow apartment building
  • Yerzhan Tatishev, (2006), Chairman of the second largest bank in Kazakhstan Bank TuranAlem
  • Zamanbek Nurkadilov, (2005), Kazakh politician
  • John Garang, (2005), Sudanese politician and former rebel leader (suspicious helicopter crash)
  • Ehtiram Jalilov, (2005), Azerbaijani politician
  • Nicola Calipari, (2005), Italian intelligence agent (circumstances of the death are well-established; the motives are unclear)
  • Zurab Zhvania, (2005), Prime Minister of Georgia
  • Enrique Salinas, (2004), brother of former Mexican president Carlos Salinas. Found with a plastic bag over the head in a parked car
  • Yassir Arafat, (2004), Chairman of the PLO, conspiracy theorists believe that he was poisoned
  • George Bacchus, (2004), accused a Guyanese government minister of links to death squads
  • Iris Chang, (2004), author of The Rape of Nanking
  • Maj. Gen. Abed Hamed Mowhoush, (2003), Iraqi general, died in American custody
  • Dr. David Kelly, (2003), UK weapons expert, found dead after inquiry into Iraqi weapons of mass destruction, death was investigated by the Hutton inquiry
  • Paul Wellstone, (2002), liberal Democratic United States Senator from Minnesota, killed in suspicious plane crash during his reelection campaign
  • Omar Asghar Khan, (2002), former Pakistani federal minister found hanging in his room. Strong opponent of General Pervez Musharraf. Started own part to contest elections in 2002.
  • Giorgi Sanaia, (2001), Georgian journalist known for opposition to government, shot in apartment
  • John Kaiser, (2000), missionary (officially recorded as a suicide but the evidence strongly suggests otherwise)
  • Juvénal Habyarimana, (1994), President of Rwanda, and
  • Cyprien Ntaryamira, (1994), President of Burundi, killed in mysterious plane crash; the resulting political instability led to the genocide in Rwanda and the outbreak of full-scale war in Burundi
  • Pablo Escobar, (1993), head of the Medellín Cartel
  • Zviad Gamsakhurdia, (1993), former president of Georgia - apparent suicide, though unconfirmed
  • Joseph Rendjambe, (1990), leader of the Gabonese Progress Party. Found dead of poisoning in a hotel owned by President Omar Bongo
  • Samora Machel, (1986), President of Mozambique, killed in air crash on the border of South Africa; Machel was a leading anti-Apartheid spokesman
  • Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, (1988), military ruler of Pakistan
  • Uwe Barschel, (1987), minister-president of Schleswig-Holstein
  • Roberto Calvi, (1982), CEO of Banco Ambrosiano, found hanged under Blackfriars Bridge in London
  • Eduardo Frei Montalva, (1982), president of Chile from 1964 to 1970
  • Mehmet Shehu, (1981), Prime Minister of Albania, death ruled a suicide but often believed to have been ordered murdered by Enver Hoxha
  • Omar Torrijos, (1981), brigadier general and president of Panama, died in a plane crash
  • Francisco Sá Carneiro, (1980), prime-minister of Portugal, died in a plane crash
  • Amaro da Costa, (1980), minister of defense of Portugal, died in a plane crash
  • Josiah Tongogara, (1979), died in a car crash on the eve of Zimbabwe's independence
  • Pope John Paul I, (1978), has been contended by author David Yallop to have been assassinated
  • Haile Selassie, (1975), Ethiopian emperor who was deposed and imprisoned a year earlier by the military after an eventful reign of over 40 years
  • Edmundo Bosio, (1975), dismissed Vice President of Equatorial Guinea
  • Aman Mikael Andom, (1974), Ethiopian military figure
  • Edward Mutesa, (1969), possibly from poisoning
  • Dag Hammarskjöld, (1961), United Nations Secretary General, killed in plane crash in Zaire, sabotage suspected
  • Camilo Cienfuegos, (1959), Cuban revolutionary, plane disappeared on flight from Camagüey to Havana
  • Barthélemy Boganda, (1959), Prime Minister of the Central African Republic, in a plane crash
  • Joseph Stalin, (1953), Soviet leader
  • Jan Masaryk, (1948), son of Tomáš Masaryk; Czech diplomat, politician and Foreign Minister of Czechoslovakia
  • King Ananda Mahidol of Thailand, (1946), died of gunshot wounds; suicide, accident or assassination
  • Ghazi of Iraq, (1939), King of Iraq
  • Lev Sedov, (1936), son of Leon Trotsky, leader of the Trotskyist movement
  • Ottavio Bottecchia, (1927), Italian cyclist
  • S. L. MacGregor-Mathers, (1918), well-known magician and occultist, died of an unknown cause; it is known that he had many enemies
  • Émile Zola, (1902), French author. Found asphyxiated from gas in his home.
  • Ludwig II of Bavaria, (1886), King of Bavaria
  • Crazy Horse, (1877), Oglala Sioux chief killed by American troops.
  • Emperor Kōmei, (1840), Emperor of Japan
  • Alexander I of Russia, (1825), Tsar. Died in the city of Taganrog in mysterious circumstances.
  • Napoléon Bonaparte, (1821), French general and emperor, died in exile on the island of Saint Helena possibly slowly poisoned by his 'sommelier' who would have been working for Louis XVIII
  • King Charles XII of Sweden, (1718), killed in action possibly by Swedes
  • Moctezuma II, (1520), Aztec emperor. According to Spanish accounts he was killed by his own people, according to Aztec accounts he was murdered by the Spanish
  • Pope Alexander VI, (1503), Roman pope of the 15th century
  • Regiomontanus (aka Johannes Müller), (1476), German mathematician and astronomer
  • Agnès Sorel, (1450), mistress of King Charles VII of France
  • King Jean I of France, (1316)
  • King William II of England, (1100), killed by an arrow while hunting
  • Flavius Claudius Julianus, (363), Roman emperor
  • Carus, (283), Roman emperor
  • Tiberius, (37),Roman emperor, rumours he was suffocated, may simply have died of old age
  • Tutankhamun, (1324 BC), Egyptian pharaoh

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