Maurice Jarre (born in Lyon, France, September 13 1924) . is a French composer and conductor. Although he has composed several concert works, he is best known for his film scores for motion pictures, particularly those of David Lean: Lawrence of Arabia (1962), Doctor Zhivago (1965), and A Passage to India (1984). All three of these scores won Academy Awards. Other notable scores of his include The Message (1976), Dead Poets Society (1989) and Ghost (1990). He has had a star in Hollywood since 2001.
He was again nominated for an Academy award for scoring The Message (aka Mohammad, Messenger of God) in 1976 for the director and producer Moustapha Akkad. He followed with Top Secret! (1984), Julia and Julia (1987), Dead Poets Society (1989), for which he won a British Academy Award, and Jacob's Ladder (1990).
His other works include the music for Witness, his passionate love theme from Fatal Attraction, and the moody electronic soundscapes of After Dark, My Sweet. His score for David Lean's Ryan's Daughter (1970), set in Ireland, completely eschews traditional Irish music styles, owing to Lean's preferences. The song 'It was a Good Time' from Ryan's Daughter went on to be recorded by musical stars such as Liza Minnelli who used it in her critically acclaimed television special Liza With a Z as well as others during the 1970s. In the 80s, Jarre turned his hand to science fiction, with scores for Enemy Mine (1985) and Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome (1985). The latter is written for full orchestra, augmented by a chorus, four grand pianos, a pipe organ, digeridoo, fujara, a battery of exotic percussion and three ondes Martenot (which feature in several of Jarre's other scores, including Lawrence of Arabia, Jesus of Nazareth and The Bride).
In 1990 Jarre was again nominated for an Academy Award scoring the supernatural love story / thriller Ghost. His music for the final scene of the film is based on "Unchained Melody" composed by fellow film composer Alex North.
Jarre has been married four times.
|1962||Sundays and Cybele||Nominated for Best Music, Scoring of Music, Adaptation or Treatment|
|1962||Lawrence of Arabia||Won the 1962 Academy Award for Best Music, Score - Substantially Original|
|1967||Doctor Zhivago||Grammy Award for Grammy Award for Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media|
|1972||The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean||Nominated for Best Music, Song for the song "Marmalade, Molasses & Honey"|
|1976||The Last Tycoon|
|1977||Mohammad, Messenger of God||Nominated for Best Music, Original Score|
|1982||The Mosquito Coast|
|1982||The Year of Living Dangerously|
|1984||A Passage to India||Nominated for Best Music, Original Score|
|1985||Witness||Nominated for Best Music, Original Score|
|1985||Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome|
|1987||No Way Out|
|1988||Gorillas in the Mist: The Story of Dian Fossey||Nominated for Best Music, Original Score|
|1989||Dead Poets Society||British Academy Awards, 1989, Best Original Music Score|
|1990||Ghost||Nominated for Best Music Academy Award|
|1995||A Walk in the Clouds||Golden Globe, 1995, Best Original Score|