On 6 February 2008, he was arrested by the Congolese authorities and surrendered to the International Criminal Court (ICC) to stand trial on six counts of war crimes and three counts of crimes against humanity. The charges include murder, sexual slavery and using children under the age of fifteen to participate actively in hostilities.
He is also known as Mathieu Cui Ngudjolo or Cui Ngudjolo.
The Second Congo War began in 1998, but Ngudjolo did not become involved until 2002, when the Union of Congolese Patriots took control of Bunia. Between August 2002 and August 2006, Ngudjolo held senior positions in a number of rebel groups involved in the conflict in Ituri, including the National Integrationist Front (FNI), the Patriotic Resistance Force in Ituri (FRPI) and the Congolese Revolutionary Movement (MRC). On 24 February 2003, he allegedly led an attack on the village of Bogoro in which rebels under his command went on an "indiscriminate killing spree", killing at least 200 civilians, imprisoning survivors in a room filled with corpses, and sexually enslaving women and girls. Ngudjolo allegedly ordered his fighters to "wipe out" the village.
On 23 October 2003, he was apprehended by the United Nations and surrendered to the Congolese authorities, who charged him in connection with the killing of another rebel. He was subsequently acquitted and released. On 1 November 2005, a United Nations Security Council committee imposed a travel ban and asset freeze on him for violating an arms embargo.
On 6 February 2008, the Congolese authorities arrested him and surrendered him to the ICC. The following day, he was flown to the ICC's detention centre in The Hague. Ngudjolo was the third suspect surrendered to the ICC since its establishment in 2002. He will be tried jointly with Germain Katanga, who is also charged with directing the Bogoro attack; the hearing to confirm the charges against the two men began on 27 June 2008.
Ngudjolo's lawyer has argued that the case is inadmissible since Ngudjolo has already been tried for the crimes in question.
The ICC Acquitts Mathieu Ngudjolo Chui and Orders His Release: The Need for Protection of Witnesses, Victims and Intermediaries and for Reinforced Investigations and Prosecutions of Crimes Committed in Drc
Dec 19, 2012; The following information was released by International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH): On 18 December 2012, the Trial...
Katanga and Ngudjolo Chui Case: ICC Trial Chamber II Severs Charges; Verdict on Mathieu Ngudjolo Chui to Be Issued on 18 December 2012
Nov 21, 2012; THE HAGUE, The Netherlands -- The following information was released by the International Criminal Court: Today, 21 November...