Mary Hilde Ruth Bauermeister
(born 7 September 1934
in Frankfurt am Main
) is a German
Mary Bauermeister was already significantly influenced in secondary school (1946–54) by her drawing teacher, Günter Ott. She studied in 1954–55 at the Hochschule für Gestaltung in Ulm
and in 1955–56 at the Staatlichen Schule für Kunst und Handwerk in Saarbrücken
. She has been active since 1957 as a freelance artist in Cologne
In her Cologne atelier at Lintgasse 28, she initiated around 1960 an artistic movement which a little later would be named "Fluxus
". Avant-garde poets, composers, and visual artist such as Hans G Helms
, David Tudor
, John Cage
, Wolf Vostell
, George Brecht
, and Nam June Paik
organised at that time on her invitation unconventional concerts of the "newest music", readings, exhibits, and actionen. Mary Bauermeister’s “pre-Fluxus” activities contributed substantially to the development of the modern Cologne art scene.
In 1961 Mary Bauermeister took part in Karlheinz Stockhausen
’s composition course at the Internationalen Ferienkursen für Neue Musik
. In 1962 she had her first solo exhibition at the Stedelijk Museum
with simultaneous day-long performance of electronic music under the direction of the composer Karlheinz Stockhausen. In 1967 she married Stockhausen, with whom she had two children: Julika (born 1966) und Simon
(born 1967). In 1972 her daughter (with David Johnson), Sophie was born, and in 1974 her daughter (with Josef Halevi), Esther.
Drawn by the vitality of the Pop Artmovement
, in October 1962 Bauermeister relocated to New York
. In the artistic circles of Pop Art, Nouveau Réalisme
and Fluxus she maintained friendships with Robert Rauschenberg
, Jasper Johns
, Niki de Saint Phalle
and Jean Tinguely
. In New York Bauermeister enjoyed considerable artistic success. Since 1964 she has exhibited regularly there at the Galeria Bonino on 57th Street.
In the 1970s Mary Bauermeister returned to Germany and began to occupy herself with marginal sciences, as for example Geomancy
, the science of energy structures in the earth. She used the knowledge she garnered from these studies for the planning of gardens, which she implemented for public and private clients throughout the world. The artist now lives in Rösrath
On the occasion of her 70th birthday the Cologne Museum Ludwig
acquired her 1963 wall installation Needless Needles
and arranged a display of the work (up to 23 January 2005
Translated from the German Wikipedia
- [anonymous]. 1995. "Bauermeister, Mary (1934– )." In: North American Women Artists of the Twentieth Century: A Biographical Dictionary. New York: Garland, 1995.
- Bauermeister, Mary. 1964. Bauermeister: Paintings and Constructions. 17th March–18th April, 1964. Exhibition no. 5. New York, N.Y.: Galeria Bonino, 1964.
- Bauermeister, Mary. 1965. Bauermeister: Paintings and Constructions, [exhibition, 13th April-8th May, 1965]. New York : Galeria Bonino.
- Bauermeister, Mary. 1967. Bauermeister: Paintings and Constructions, [exhibition, 7th February - 4th March, 1967]. New York : Galeria Bonino.
- Bauermeister, Mary. 1972. Mary Bauermeister: Recent Paintings and Constructions. New York: Staempfli Gallery.
- Bauermeister, Mary, Alfio Castelli, et al. 1963. Two Sculptors, Four Painters: Catalog of an Exhibition Held at the Galeria Bonino, Dec. 18 to Jan. 11, 1964. Exhibition no. 2. New York: Galeria Bonino.
- Bauermeister, Mary, et al. 1969. Blackwhite: Exhibition of Paintings and Constructions by Bauermeister ... [et al.]. Catalog of an exhibition held at Morris R. Williams Center for the Arts, LaFayette College, Oct. 12–27, 1969 and circulated by the Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service. Easton, Penn.: Lafayette College.
- Bauermeister, Mary, and Karlheinz Stockhausen. 1963. Manifestatie Mary Bauermeister en Karlheinz Stockhausen: schilderijen, elektronische muziek: Catalogus van een tentoonstellingen, Haags Gemeentemuseum, 1/2-24/2 1963. Den Haag: Gemeentemuseum.
- Dörstel, Wilfried, and Reinhard Matz. 1993. Intermedial, kontrovers, experimentell. Das Atelier Mary Bauermeister in Köln 1960–1962. Cologne: Emons Verlag. ISBN 3-924491-43-7
- Esman, Rosa, and Henry Geldzahler. 1966. New York International .... Design consultant: Elaine Lustig Cohen. [New York]: Tanglewood Press.
- Merrill, Peter C. 1997. "Bauermeister, Mary Hilda [sic] Ruth". In German Immigrant Artists in America: a Biographical Dictionary. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press.
- Perneczky, Géza . 1972. Mary Bauermeister: dal 3 al 29 febbraio 1972 alla Galleria Schwarz Catalogo (Galleria Schwarz) no. 114 . Milano: Galleria Schwarz.
- Pfennig, Reinhard. "Dreissig deutsche Maler: Situation 1962". Veranstaltet vom Oldenburger Kunstverein, vom 11. November bis 9. Dezember 1962. Oldenburg: Der Kunstverein, 1962
- Schüppenhauer, Christel, Carola Kleinstück-Schulman, and Desirée Mohr. 2004. Mary Bauermeister. "All things involved in all other things". With an interview CD. Cologne: Galerie Christel Schüppenhauer. ISBN 3-926226-57-9.
- State University College at Potsdam, N.Y. Art Gallery. 1972. Women in Art: Mary Bauermeister, Ellen Cibula, Dorthy Dehner, Harriet Febland, Audrey Flack, Linae Frei, Sue Fuller, Dorothy Hood, Marisol, Eleanore Mikus, Beverly Pepper; an exhibition of painting and sculpture, March 3 to March 28, 1972. Potsdam, N. Y.: New York State University College, Potsdam, Art Gallery.
- Stockhausen, Karlheinz, and Mary Bauermeister. 1962. Karlheinz Stockhausen, electronische muziek & Mary Bauermeister, schilderijen: Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam 2-25 juni 1962 .... Catalogs / Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam, 311. "Malerische Konzeption" (folded chart) by Mary Bauermeister laid in. Amsterdam: Stedelijk van Abbemuseum.; Groninger Museum.
- Velte, Maria. 1972. Mary Bauermeister: Gemälde und Objekte, 1952-1972. Munich: Buch und Offsetdruckerei W. Biering.