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Marquess of Catherlough

Thomas Wharton, 1st Marquess of Wharton

Thomas Wharton, 1st Marquess of Wharton PC (August 1648 – April 12 1715) was an English nobleman and politician. He was the son of Philip Wharton, 4th Baron Wharton.

In his long political career he was a Member of Parliament for seventeen years and spearheaded the Whig opposition to King James II's government, which later developed the two party political system under Queen Anne. In 1689 he was sworn of the Privy Council and made Comptroller of the Household by King William III, establishing the link between the royal position and government for the first time.

He went out of office in 1702, after the accession of Anne (who disliked him), but in 1706, he was created Earl of Wharton and Viscount Winchendon in the Peerage of England. He served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1708–1710.

Under George I of England, he returned to favor. In January 1715, he was created Marquess of Catherlough, Earl of Rathfarnham, and Baron Trim in the Peerage of Ireland, and in February 1715 Marquess of Wharton and Marquess of Malmesbury in the Peerage of Great Britain.

When he died in April 1715 he was buried in Upper Winchendon, Buckinghamshire. He is generally credited as author of the original lyrics of Lillibullero, which "rhymed King James out of England".

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