Definitions

Maricao

Maricao, Puerto Rico

Maricao (mah-ree-KOU) is the second-least populous municipality of Puerto Rico located at the western edge of the mountains, is a small town set around a small plaza in hilly terrain, north of San Germán;, Saban Grande and Yauco; south of Las Marías and Lares; southeast of Mayagüez; and west of Adjuntas. Maricao is spread over 15 wards and Maricao Pueblo (The downtown area and the administrative center of the city).

The town borders the Maricao Fish Hatchery, a collection of tanks and ponds in a garden setting, where some 25,000 fish are raised yearly to stock farm fishponds and island lakes. The hatchery is part of the Maricao Commonwealth Forest, also known as Monte del Estado. Though of dryer vegetation than the other mountain forest, Maricao is home to large number of bird species. Its stone observation tower provides far-flung views to the coast and the Mona Passage.

Maricao has a 2000 census population of 6,449. It has a land area of .

History

Maricao is known as "La Ciudad del Café" or "El Pueblo de las Indieras" (The town of the Indian regions). It was founded on April 10, 1874 by Bernardo Collado, Julián Ayala, Francisco M. Sojo, Napoleón Pietri and Leoncio S. Martínez. Puerto Rico is the least Indian of the Caribbean islands. During the 19th century coffee boom Maricao and similar coffee growing regions did well and many elegant plantation houses were built. The coffee boom ended with the start of the 20th century and the economic conditions of the region deteriorated. Many of the old plantation houses have been converted for use in the tourism industry. While Puerto Rico still has a niche in the gourmet coffee market, the large scale coffee growing which built Maricao is no longer economically feasible.

Flag

The flag of derives its colors, design and symbolism from the municipal shield. It consists of a green cloth, with the three usual dimensions of the municipal flags of Puerto Rico, crossing from an end to another one a yellow band with three points. The color green symbolizes the vegetation of the municipality and the yellow band symbolizes the mountains of the region.

Coat of Arms

In a silver field, resides an inverted "V"-shaped green band. Contained in the band are five gold huts. To either side and below the band are a total of three Maricao (Byrsonima spicata) tree branches with flowers. Surrounding the shield below and to either side are two coffee tree branches. Above it is placed a gold mural crown with three towers outlined in black with green doors and windows.

Demographics

Barrios (Districts/Wards)

  • Bucarabones
  • Indiera Alta
  • Indiera Baja

  • Indiera Fría
  • Maricao Afuera
  • Maricao Pueblo
  • Montoso

Anthem

Sobre las verdes alturas
de mi borinqueña tierra,
se levanta Maricao,
en medio de sus haciendas.
Coro:
La sombra del indio
vaga en la floresta
porque Maricao,
se viste de fiesta.

Un sol benigno le alumbra
suave brisa le refresca;
y el alegre caserío,
viste sus galas de fiesta.

Entre tocatas y juegos,
asiste el culto a la iglesia
y van y vienen la gente
olvidando sus tristezas.

Pero al volver a la casa
cuando el hombre a solas piensa
del antiguo Maricao,
se oye un suspiro en la sierra.

Economic

Agriculture

Coffee, fruits and vegetables

Business

Industrial

manufacturing (surgical equipment) and tourism.

Tourism

Landmarks and places of interest

  • Hacienda Delicias
  • Hacienda Juanita
  • La Bambua Recreational Center
  • Maricao Fish Nursery
  • Monte del Estado (forest reserve)
  • Prieto Lake
  • Salto de Curet (water fall)
  • Torre de la Piedra (tower)

Festivals and events

  • End of the Coffee Harvest Festival - February
  • Patron Celebration - June

Notable "Maricaeños"

  • Andrés Segarra
  • Judith Seda Matos - First lady to occupy the position of justice of peace.
  • Luis Paret
  • Luis Felipe Ramos
  • Virgilio Brunet Maldonado - Orator, educator, lawyer and member of the Constituent Convention of Puerto Rico in 1952 which created the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
  • Jose Hugo Prieto Gonzalez

References

External links

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