Definitions

Mariano

Mariano

Paredes y Arrillaga, Mariano, 1797-1849, Mexican general and president (1846). A leader of the ultraconservatives, he helped to put Antonio López de Santa Anna into the presidency in 1841 but soon opposed him. In 1845, Paredes led a revolt against José Joaquín Herrera, charging that Herrera was compromising the honor of Mexico by negotiating with the United States concerning Texas. When Paredes came to power he plunged the country into the Mexican War. Although he was made president, Mexico was in a state of anarchy, and the return of Santa Anna destroyed the hopes of Paredes, who went into exile (1847). Later he led an unsuccessful revolution.
Moreno, Mariano, 1778-1811, Argentine revolutionist and publicist. He became prominent as legal counselor to the royal audiencia and to the cabildo of Buenos Aires. His condemnation of the Spanish colonial system and his advocacy of liberal economic principles attracted attention. A leader in the revolution of May, 1810, which deposed the Spanish viceroy, he was secretary of the first revolutionary governing junta and exerted a significant influence. He founded (June 7, 1810) the Gazeta de Buenos Aires and, as editor, championed in its columns his democratic, reform ideas. In 1810 he founded the national library. His liberal policy provoked a conflict with the conservatives, who, in spite of Moreno's opposition, admitted provincial deputies to the junta; Moreno resigned (Dec., 1810). His resignation checked the democratic movement in the Río de la Plata and initiated a protracted struggle between Buenos Aires and the country provinces. Appointed to a diplomatic mission abroad, he sailed for Europe (Jan., 1811) and died at sea.
Fortuny, Mariano, 1838-74, Spanish genre painter, etcher, and watercolorist. Sent to Morocco in 1859 to paint war scenes, he made many brilliant sketches of North African life. His canvases demonstrate his facility and vivid sense of the exotic. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore, has his well-known Snake-Charmers. Fortuny is also represented in the Metropolitan Museum.
Rampolla del Tindaro, Mariano, 1843-1913, Italian churchman, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He was a nobleman. He was papal nuncio at Madrid (1882-87) and was made cardinal in 1887. On his return to Rome he was secretary of state for Leo XIII and played a distinguished part in reestablishing the papacy's relations with Germany.
Rivera, Mariano, 1969-, Panamanian baseball player. A right-handed relief pitcher, he has been with the New York Yankees organization since 1990. He began (1995) his career in the majors as a lackluster starter, but within two years was the team's star closer. Extremely consistent, with superb control and a devastating cutter (cut fastball), Rivera is widely regarded as the finest closer in major-league history. He scored his 500th career save in 2009, and holds records for most postseason pitching appearances, most postseason and World Series saves, and others.
Azuela, Mariano, 1873-1952, Mexican novelist. Azuela began his medical practice in 1899, writing short stories and novels in his spare time. In 1915 he joined Francisco Villa's revolutionary forces as a surgeon. From this experience came his modern classic, Los de abajo (1915, tr. The Underdogs, 1929), which depicts the military exploitation of indigenous people. The novel is composed of linked sketches that are starkly realistic. After Villa's defeat Azuela took refuge in Texas. Returning to Mexico in 1916, he resumed his medical practice and his writing, taking little interest in politics. Among his later novels are María Luisa (1907); Los fracasados [the defeated] (1908); Mala yerba (1909); Los caciques (1917, tr. The Bosses, 1956); Las moscas (1918, tr. The Flies, 1956); and San Gabriel de Valdivias (1938).
Rumor, Mariano, 1915-90, Italian politician. A Christian Democrat, he was premier (1968-69, 1969-70, 1973-74) and foreign minister (1974-76). He was mentioned (1976) in the Lockheed Corp. bribery scandal and narrowly avoided indictment.
Arista, Mariano, 1802-55, Mexican general and president (1851-53). A royalist in the revolt against Spain, he later joined Agustín de Iturbide. He fought in the Mexican army that tried to put down the Texas revolt (1836). In command of the army in N Mexico in the Mexican War, he was defeated by Zachary Taylor at Palo Alto and at Resaca de la Palma (1846). Arista succeeded J. J. Herrera as president. His administration sought to bring fiscal stability to the nation. Difficulties in maintaining a loyal cabinet and a conservative revolt in 1852 led to his resignation the following year.
Matamoros, Mariano, d. 1814, Mexican revolutionist in the war against Spain. He was, like Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla and José María Morelos y Pavón, a priest with liberal political opinions. Much harassed by the Spanish authorities after the outbreak of the revolution of 1810, he joined Morelos (1811) and became a prominent military leader. After the defeat of Morelos's army by Agustín de Iturbide, Matamoros was captured, demoted from priestly office, and shot.
orig. Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi

The Birth of Venus, oil on canvas by Sandro Botticelli, circa 1485; elipsis

(born 1445, Florence—died May 17, 1510, Florence [Italy]) Italian Renaissance painter. As a youth he may have been apprenticed to a goldsmith, and he later trained with Fra Filippo Lippi in Florence. By 1470 he had developed a distinctive style and was established as a master. In 1481 he was among a team of Florentine and Umbrian artists called to Rome to decorate the Sistine Chapel; three of his finest religious frescoes (completed 1482) can be seen there. Though prolific as a painter of religious images, his mythological paintings are his best-known works. His outstanding portraits show the influence of contemporary Flemish art in the placement of the figure in front of a landscape. Among his greatest works are the Primavera, Pallas and the Centaur, Venus and Mars, and The Birth of Venus, all painted circa 1477–90. About 75 of his paintings survive, many of them in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence. Interest in his work revived in the 19th century, and today he is one of the most esteemed painters of the Italian Renaissance.

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Mariano is a masculine name from the Romance languages, corresponding to the feminine Mariana.

It is an Italian and Spanish variant of the Roman Marianus which derived from Marius, and Marius derived from the Roman god Mars (also see Ares) or from the Latin maris "male"

Mariano and Marian are sometimes seen as a conjunction of the two female names Mary and Ann. This name is an homage to The Virgin Mary, Mother of Jesus. Mariano as an adjective, means pertaining or related to Maria (The Virgin Mary's name in Spanish). One interpretation can be "Maria's follower".

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