Margot Fonteyn

Dame Margot Fonteyn

[fon-teyn]
orig. Margaret Hookham

Margot Fonteyn in Ondine.

(born May 18, 1919, Reigate, Surrey, Eng.—died Feb. 21, 1991, Panama City, Pan.) British ballerina. She debuted with the Vic-Wells Ballet (later Royal Ballet) in 1934 and soon became its leading dancer, creating many roles in works by Frederick Ashton, including Horoscope, Symphonic Variations, and Ondine. In the 1960s she won worldwide acclaim for her appearances with Rudolf Nureyev in ballets such as Swan Lake, Raymonda, and Le Corsaire. She continued to dance as a guest artist into the mid 1970s.

Learn more about Fonteyn, Dame Margot with a free trial on Britannica.com.

"Dame Margot" redirects here. For the medieval trouvère, see Dames Margot and Maroie.
Dame Margot Fonteyn de Arias, DBE, (18 May, 1919, Reigate, Surrey, United Kingdom - 21 February, 1991, Panama City, Panama), the British prima ballerina assoluta, was considered by many to be the greatest English ballerina of her time.

Early life

Fonteyn was born Margaret (doodle)Hookham to an English father and an Irish mother, with Brazilian ancestry, who was the daughter of Brazilian businessman Antonio Fontes. Early in her career, Margaret transformed Fontes into Fonteyn (a surname her brother adopted as well) and Margaret into Margot; thus her stage name. Her mother signed her up for ballet classes with her brother when they were young. These classes helped her greatly on her road to becoming a prima ballerina.

She joined the Royal Ballet (then called the Sadler's Wells Theatre) while still a teenager, after having been trained by some of the greatest teachers of the day - Olga Preobrajenskaya and Mathilde Kschessinskaya, both of whom trained under Marius Petipa himself. By 1939, she was the company's star and the inspiration for many of Sir Frederick Ashton's ballets, such as Undine, Daphnis and Chloe, and Sylvia. She was especially renowned for her portrayal of Aurora in Tchaikovsky's Sleeping Beauty. Televised versions of Sleeping Beauty and Ashton's version of Cinderella are now available on DVD. Fonteyn also worked with the choreographer Roland Petit and later in life, Martha Graham. In 1949, the Royal Ballet toured the United States and Fonteyn became an instant celebrity.

Dancing with Rudolf Nureyev and others

In the 1940s, she and Robert Helpmann formed a very successful dance partnership, and they toured together for several years. In the 1950s, she danced with Michael Somes. But her greatest partnership emerged at a time when many (including the head of the Royal Ballet, Ninette de Valois) thought she was about to retire. In 1961, Rudolf Nureyev defected to the West, and on February 21, 1962, he and Fonteyn first appeared on stage together, in a performance of Giselle. It was a great success; during the curtain calls Nureyev dropped to his knees and kissed Fonteyn's hand, cementing an on-and-offstage partnership which lasted until her 1979 retirement. Fonteyn and Nureyev became known for inspiring repeated frenzied curtain calls and bouquet tosses.

Ashton choreographed Marguerite and Armand for them, which no other couple danced until the 21st century. They debuted Kenneth MacMillan's Romeo and Juliet, although MacMillan had conceived the ballet for Lynn Seymour and Christopher Gable. Fonteyn and Nureyev appeared together in a film version of Swan Lake and Kenneth MacMillan's Romeo and Juliet, as well as Les Sylphides and the Le Corsaire Pas de Deux.

Despite their differences in background, temperament, and a nineteen-year difference in age, Nureyev and Fonteyn became close lifelong friends and were famously loyal to each other. Fonteyn would not approve an unflattering photograph of Nureyev. He said about her:

"At the end of Lac des Cygnes when she left the stage in her great white tutu I would have followed her to the end of the world."
The extent of their physical consummation remains unclear - Nureyev said that they had a physical relationship while Fonteyn denied it; her biographer agrees with Nureyev's version. In 1967, they were arrested after a performance in San Francisco, when the police raided a Haight-Ashbury party to which they had been invited. They remained close even after she retired to a Panama cattle farm, talking on the phone several times a week even though her farmhouse did not have a telephone. When she was treated for cancer, Nureyev paid many of her medical bills and visited her often, despite his busy schedule as a performer and choreographer, as well as his own health problems (he was HIV positive and succumbed to AIDS in 1993). In a documentary about Fonteyn, Nureyev said that they danced with "one body, one soul" and that Margot was "all he had, only her." An observer said that "If most people are at level A, they were at level Z."

In the extremely competitive world of ballet, Fonteyn was renowned for her consummate professionalism and loyalty to her friends. Her dancing stood out for its lyricism, grace, and passion. Although Fonteyn was the Royal Ballet's biggest star, its director, Dame Ninette de Valois, cultivated other talents, so that the Royal Ballet of Fonteyn's day also included Nadia Nerina, Svetlana Beriosova, Lynn Seymour, and Antoinette Sibley.

Relationships

During the 1940s, Fonteyn had a long relationship with composer Constant Lambert which did not lead to marriage. In 1955, Fonteyn married Dr. Roberto Arias, a Panamanian diplomat to London and playboy. Their marriage was initially a rocky one due to his infidelities. She was arrested when he attempted a coup against the Panamanian government. In 1965, a rival Panamanian politician shot Arias, leaving him a quadriplegic for the rest of his life.

The cost of his medical care is a reason why Fonteyn's career lasted until 1979, her sixtieth year, despite her suffering from an arthritic foot. Upon her retirement, the Royal Ballet honoured her with the title prima ballerina assoluta. She ended her days in Panama, remaining loyal to Arias in part because she was very devoted to his children from an earlier marriage. Because Arias's medical bills drained her finances, the Royal Ballet held a special "gala" in 1990 for her benefit. Shortly after his death, she was diagnosed with a cancer that proved fatal.

A dramatic image of her performing Swan Lake at the Bath Festival, Bath, United Kingdom, was captured by British photographer Des Gershon, taken secretly from the high gallery of the Theatre Royal, Bath, as she danced with the corps de ballet on the day she heard that there had been an assassination attempt on the life of her husband. The stress, worry and pain is clearly shown in her face with the remarkable single frame of a moment in time. View the image here

Legacy

Fonteyn was awarded a DBE (made a dame) in 1954 at the age of 35.

She was chancellor of the University of Durham from 1981 to 1990. The main hall in Dunelm House, the Student Union building, is named the Fonteyn Ballroom in her honour.

There is a school dedicated to Margot Fonteyn that bears her name. The Margot Fonteyn Academy is located just north of New York City (Peekskill) and was founded by her close friend Ken Ludden who teaches the classical style of ballet favored by Dame Margot.

Fonteyn envisioned an international fine arts institution in which all of the arts would be studied under one roof. Her belief was that young artists of divergent fields of expression would enter into conversations about the core issues of art (expression, interpretation, focus, et cetera), and would consequently develop a deeper understanding of the artistic purpose of their endeavors. She and Ludden worked together to develop this concept for the last twelve years of her life.

"I do think it would be good to have artists studying side by side in the different disciplines instead of each group isolated in its own world....the objective would be to produce professional artists integrated from their school days with exponents of the sister arts. Many benefits would ensue, especially for ballet itself which is a composite of the four arts. The ideal would be Music, Dancing, (principally ballet and ballet related dancing), Painting and Drama. Those four are the basic elements of theatre." --Dame Margot Fonteyn d'Arias (from correspondence with Ludden)

Main roles

Quotes

  • "The one important thing I have learned over the years is the difference between taking one's work seriously and taking one's self seriously. The first is imperative and the second is disastrous."
  • "Great artists are people who find the way to be themselves in their art. Any sort of pretension induces mediocrity in art and life alike."
  • "Life offstage has sometimes been a wilderness of unpredictables in an unchoreographed world."
  • "Genius is another word for magic, and the whole point of magic is that it is inexplicable."

Miscellaneous

Footnotes

References

Meredith Daneman,Margot Fonteyn, Viking, 2004, ISBN 0-670-84370-9

External links

Search another word or see Margot Fonteynon Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature