Marcus Licinius Crassus the Younger
, also known as Marcus Licinius Crassus Dives
, (flourished 1st century BC) was a Roman
consul in the year 30 BC. He was best known for defeating a Thracian tribe, the Bastarnae
and killing their King Deldo in single combat in 29 BC. However, he was not only not given the Spolia opima
but was also denied a triumph by the Emperor Augustus
in a reversal of centuries of Roman military tradition.
Crassus was a Roman general, who fought first with Sextus Pompeius
and Mark Antony
before defecting to Octavian (future Roman Emperor Augustus
). He was made consul in 30 BC jointly with Octavian and fought Thracian tribes in Macedonia before achieving his most notable victory. In 29 BC he defeated the Bastarnae
(of an area now in modern Romania
), killing their King Deldo in single combat. However, he was denied the Spolia opima
although entitled to it by tradition. This marked a deliberate decision of the emperor Augustus to downplay the successes of individual generals in favor of the prestige of the emperor and imperial family.
He campaigned between 29 BC and 27 BC, conquering the countries of the Balkans. He was however also denied the agnomen of Scythica which he might have expected to receive , although previous conquerors of new territories since the days of general Scipio Africanus had been awarded agnomens by the Senate.
The younger Crassus was the son of another Roman quaestor and consul Marcus Licinius Crassus possibly by his wife Caecilia Metella Cretica
, daughter of the consul Quintus Caecilius Metellus Creticus (see Caecilius Metellus
); his mother's tomb is visible on the Appian Way
. The father was a quaestor to Julius Caesar
, and a son, possibly the eldest son, of the triumvir Marcus Licinius Crassus
possibly by his first wife (widow of an elder brother killed in December 87 BC). Crassus the Younger apparently had no surviving sons by his wife. He adopted the future consul Marcus Licinius Crassus Dives
from the Calpurnius Piso family.