The Marbot family originated from the province of Quercy, near what is now the department of Corrèze in south-western France. It is of noble origin, although its members do not precede their names with any title.
The Marbot family became influential at the beginning of the 17th century, becoming allied to and joining in the society of several of the more important families of the region. Its members engaged in activities related to commerce and law, which brought them considerable wealth, allowing them to acquire property and live from the income of their estates.
As from the 18th century, many members of the Marbot family began to play an active role in the French military, giving France numerous generals and naval officers. Others became closely linked to the colonial expansion of France, where they held various administrative positions until the gradual decline of the French empire, towards the beginning of the 20th century.