Manukau City is a large city in the Auckland Region / Greater Auckland area of New Zealand. The city is sometimes referred to as South Auckland, but this term does not possess official recognition and does not encompass areas like East Auckland, which is within the official boundaries of Manukau City. Manukau City is a relatively young city, both in terms of legal status and large-scale settlement - though with a current size of around 330,000 inhabitants (as of the late 2000s), it is also the third-largest in New Zealand as well as the country's fastest-growing.
The name Manukau, from the Manukau Harbour west of the city, is of Māori origin, and means 'wading birds', although it has been suggested that the name of the harbour was also sometimes rendered as Mānuka, meaning a marker post with which an early chief is said to have claimed the area.
The area to the south of the isthmus contains the heart of Manukau, sprawled on either side of State Highways 1 and 20, the latter of which approaches from the west after crossing Mangere Bridge. The area known as Manukau central is located close to the junction of these two highways, some 20 kilometres southeast of the centre of Auckland city.
Considerable rural and semi-rural land to the east of Manukau central is also within the city's limits. This extends towards the Hunua Ranges close to the Firth of Thames, and takes in such communities as Clevedon and Maraetai.
Beyond Manukau to the south lie Papakura and the Franklin District, which are less urban but still part of the Auckland Region and to some extent regarded as an integral part of Auckland's urban area.
Auckland International Airport is located in Mangere, in the west of Manukau, close to the waters of the Manukau Harbour. Manukau includes the theme park Rainbow's End, and one of the oldest shopping malls in the country, now called Westfield Manukau City.
Like most of the rest of the region, Manukau is ethnically diverse, and is home to many cultures, especially Māori and members of Polynesian ethnicities, with a recent concentration of Asians in and near Howick. It is densely populated by New Zealand standards, despite having very few apartments.
As of the late 2000s, slightly less than 50% of the city's population identifies as European, with 17% as Māori, 27% as Pacific and 15% as Asian, with the balance made up of other groups.
Elected members of the Manukau City Council, as of October 2007
Prostitutes' turf wars and retailers' fears behind bid for law change Manukau City Council is pleading with the Government to crack down on kerbside sex workers touting for clients. Vaimoana Tapaleao and Isaac Davison find out why.
Feb 06, 2009; Shopkeepers in parts of South Auckland start half an hour early to clean up used condoms, syringes and wash away urine. Some have...