Malegaon, town (1991 pop. 342,431), Maharashtra state, W central India, at the confluence of the Girna and Masam rivers. It is a weaving center for saris and a market for agricultural products. Malegaon was formerly a military post and is now a district administrative center. It was captured by the British in 1818 during the war with the Pindaris, marauding tribes of landless and casteless men who were often mercenaries of Maratha leaders.
Malegaon is a city and a Municipal Corporation in Nashik district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is located at around 280 km northeast of state capital Mumbai. Malegaon lies at the confluence of Girna and Mosam rivers.

As majority of Malegaon's population belong to Hindu and Muslim communities, the vast city's education system has been able to support various languages (urdu/marathi/english) through numerous institutions:

Despite all this, Malegaon has seen the infrastructure and quality of life deteriorate over the years. While population has grown from 1.21 lakh in 1961 to an estimated 10 lakh people now, the roads, drainage systems, civil hospital, telecommunication are still not developed fully.


Malegaon is located at . It has an average elevation of 438 metres (1437 feet).


Malegaon is located on the Mumbai-Agra national highway (N.H.03). The town’s history and location appear to be the primary reasons for its communally polarised profile. Situated on the road linking Mumbai and Agra — now National Highway No 3 — it was once a small junction known as ‘Maliwadi’ (hamlet of gardens) and quickly gained the reputation for being a source of employment. When a local jahagirdar, Naro Shankar Raje Bahadur, started building a fort in the area in 1740, a project that took 20 years, a sizeable number of Muslim workers and artisans from places like Surat and northern India settled in the area. After the British capture of the Malegaon fort in 1818, Muslims from Hyderabad migrated to the region. The 1857 revolt saw many Momins from the north locate themselves here, and the pattern kept repeating itself over the years. Malegaon, with its growing Muslim presence, became something of a shelter and a source of employment for the community whenever it faced reversals. If famine in 1862 forced Muslim weavers in the Varanasi area to move to Malegaon, the political upheavals in the Hyderabad of the late 1940s and ’50s saw a similar exodus to the town. As for communal riots, which became a regular feature of the country from the ’60s onwards, they have also undoubtedly contributed to swelling the number of Muslim migrants to Malegaon.


Malegaon is one of the largest cities in northwest Maharashtra. It is second largest city of district Nasik after Nasik city. It is a major textile producing centre and is famous for its power-looms. It daily produces about 1 crore meter cloths on approximately 5 lakh power-looms.


As of 2001 India census, Malegaon had a population of 409,190. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Malegaon has an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 70%, and female literacy is 61%. In Malegaon, 18% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Schools and Colleges

Al - Jamayatul - Mohommedia Al- Khairiah's Mohammedia Tibbia College (Unani Medical), Arts, Sci., & Comm. College, ATT High School. JAT Society's Arts,Science And Commerce Girls College, JAT Girls' High School, JAT Boys' Primary School, JAT girls high school KBH Vidyalaya-High School and Junior college, KBH Law College, Madrassa Jameatus Swalehat founded by Moulvi Md.Usman for muslim girls is famous worlwide, Maharaja Sayajirao Gaikwad Arts, Science and Commerce Colleges, MG Vidya Mandar's smt. Pushpatai Hire, Arts, Science & Commerce Mahila Mahavidyalaya, MG Vidya Mandir's L.V.H. English Medium School, MG Vidya Mandir's K.B.H. Institute of Management and Research, MSG Arts science and commerce college. New English School, Sardar College of Education. The Anjuman Imdadut Tulba Sanstha's Arts& Commerce (English Meidum)night College, The Malegaon High School and Junior College Zainab English medium Primary School, K.Y.N.Jadhav Highschool(Lokmanya Vidyalaya), KBH Highschool, Sarvoday Vidyalaya,

2006 bombing

On 8 September 2006, at least 37 people, mostly Muslims, died and at least 125 were seriously injured when three bomb blasts hit a Muslim cemetery in Malegaon town. The blasts were timed to match with the surge of people leaving mosque after special Friday prayers for the Shab e Bara'at holy day. A curfew was imposed to prevent trouble in the town.


External links

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