is a city and a Municipal Corporation
in Nashik district
in the Indian state
. It is located at around 280 km northeast of state capital Mumbai
. Malegaon lies at the confluence of Girna
As majority of Malegaon's population belong to Hindu and Muslim communities, the vast city's education system has been able to support various languages (urdu/marathi/english) through numerous institutions:
Despite all this, Malegaon has seen the infrastructure and quality of life deteriorate over the years. While population has grown from 1.21 lakh in 1961 to an estimated 10 lakh people now, the roads, drainage systems, civil hospital, telecommunication are still not developed fully.
Malegaon is located at . It has an average elevation of 438 metres
Malegaon is located on the Mumbai-Agra national highway
(N.H.03). The town’s history and location appear to be the primary reasons for its communally polarised profile. Situated on the road linking Mumbai and Agra — now National Highway No 3 — it was once a small junction known as ‘Maliwadi’ (hamlet of gardens) and quickly gained the reputation for being a source of employment. When a local jahagirdar, Naro Shankar Raje Bahadur, started building a fort in the area in 1740, a project that took 20 years, a sizeable number of Muslim workers and artisans from places like Surat and northern India settled in the area. After the British capture of the Malegaon fort in 1818, Muslims from Hyderabad migrated to the region. The 1857 revolt saw many Momins from the north locate themselves here, and the pattern kept repeating itself over the years. Malegaon, with its growing Muslim presence, became something of a shelter and a source of employment for the community whenever it faced reversals. If famine in 1862 forced Muslim weavers in the Varanasi area to move to Malegaon, the political upheavals in the Hyderabad of the late 1940s and ’50s saw a similar exodus to the town. As for communal riots, which became a regular feature of the country from the ’60s onwards, they have also undoubtedly contributed to swelling the number of Muslim migrants to Malegaon.
Malegaon is one of the largest cities in northwest Maharashtra. It is second largest city of district Nasik after Nasik city. It is a major textile producing centre and is famous for its power-looms
. It daily produces about 1 crore meter cloths on approximately 5 lakh power-looms.
As of 2001
, Malegaon had a population of 409,190. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Malegaon has an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 70%, and female literacy is 61%. In Malegaon, 18% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Schools and Colleges
Al - Jamayatul - Mohommedia Al- Khairiah's Mohammedia Tibbia College (Unani Medical),
Arts, Sci., & Comm. College,
ATT High School.
JAT Society's Arts,Science And Commerce Girls College,
JAT Girls' High School,
JAT Boys' Primary School,
JAT girls high school
KBH Vidyalaya-High School and Junior college,
KBH Law College,
Madrassa Jameatus Swalehat founded by Moulvi Md.Usman for muslim girls is famous worlwide,
Maharaja Sayajirao Gaikwad Arts, Science and Commerce Colleges,
MG Vidya Mandar's smt. Pushpatai Hire, Arts, Science & Commerce Mahila Mahavidyalaya,
MG Vidya Mandir's L.V.H. English Medium School,
MG Vidya Mandir's K.B.H. Institute of Management and Research,
MSG Arts science and commerce college.
New English School,
Sardar College of Education.
The Anjuman Imdadut Tulba Sanstha's Arts& Commerce (English Meidum)night College,
The Malegaon High School and Junior College
Zainab English medium Primary School,
K.Y.N.Jadhav Highschool(Lokmanya Vidyalaya),
On 8 September 2006
, at least 37 people, mostly Muslims
, died and at least 125 were seriously injured when three bomb blasts hit a Muslim
cemetery in Malegaon town. The blasts were timed to match with the surge of people leaving mosque after special Friday prayers for the Shab e Bara'at
holy day. A curfew
was imposed to prevent trouble in the town.