The Major League Baseball Constitution
is a document under which the day-to-day operation of Major League Baseball
are conducted. It was originally drafted in 1903 as the Constitution of the National League and has since been amended several times, most recently in June of 2005.
1876 National League Constitution
The 1876 Constitution
of the National League
consisted of 14 articles. The League originally consisted of 8 teams:
- Athletic Base Ball Club of Philadelphia, PA
- Boston Base Ball Club of Boston, MA
- Hartford Base Ball Club of Hartford, Conn.
- Mutual Base Ball Club of Brooklyn, N.Y.
- Chicago Base Ball Club of Chicago, Ill.
- Cincinnati Base Ball Club of Cincinnati, O.
- Louisville Base Ball Club of Louisville, Ky.
- St. Louis Base Ball Club of St. Louis, Mo.
Under the original constitution, the League had 5 objects: to encourage baseball, to enact and enforce rules of its playing, to make playing respectable and honorable, to protect the interests of the players, and to establish and regulate the baseball championship of the United States.
The League was governed by a five member Board from among whom was elected a President. The Board also selected a Secretary and Treasurer. Annual dues for each Club were $100.
1926 American League Constitution
1903 American League-National League Agreement
1903 National Agreement
1921 Major League Agreement
Current Major League Constitution
The current constitution consists of the following sections:
- Article I - Formation and Duration of Constitution
- Article II - The Commissioner (9 sections)
- Article III - The Executive Council (4 sections)
- Article IV - Rules, Resolutions and Regulations
- Article V - Major League Meetings (3 sections)
- Article VI - Arbitration (3 sections)
- Article VII - Superseding Effect
- Article VIII - Clubs and Territories
- 30 clubs, 2 leagues, 3 divisions (lists the clubs in each league and division)
- Expansion, Contraction, Realignment, Divisions
- Voluntary Termination
- Involuntary Termination (12 subsections a-l)
- Termination Procedure
- Effect of Termination
- Effect of Termination on Active Player Contracts and Reservation Rights
- Operating Territories
Home Television Territories
Article IX - Conduct of Championship Season and Post-Season
- a) National League (lists cities)
- b) American League (lists cities)
Article X - Major League Central Fund
- Playing Rules
- Parks not to be changed during season
- Championship Season and Post-Season
- All-Star Game
Article XI - Miscellaneous
- Maintenance of Major League Central Fund
- All-Star Game Revenues and Expenses
- Major League Club Broadcasts (4 subsections a-d)
- National and International Broadcast, Copyright and Royalties
- Payments from Central Fund, Books of Account (4 subsections a-d)
- Termination of Central Fund
- Fiscal Responsibility
- Indemnification of officials
- Major League RegulationsSee also
Baseball business rulesExternal Links
Today there are the National League (NL) and the American League (AL).