Definitions

majolica

majolica

[muh-jol-i-kuh, muh-yol-]
majolica or maiolica [from Majorca], type of faience usually associated with wares produced in Spain, Italy, and Mexico. The process of making majolica consists of first firing a piece of earthenware, then applying a tin enamel that upon drying forms a white opaque porous surface. A design is then painted on and a transparent glaze applied. Finally the piece is fired again. This type of ware was produced in the ancient Middle East by the Babylonians, and the method remained continuously in use. It was extensively employed by the Hispano-Moresque potters of the 14th cent. By the mid-15th cent. majolica was popular in Italy, where it became justly famous through the decorations of the Della Robbia family. The method is still widely used in folk art.

See G. Liverani, Five Centuries of Italian Majolica (tr. 1960); M. Barnes and R. May, Mexican Majolica in Northern New Spain (1980).

Italian maiolica

Tin-glazed earthenware introduced from Moorish Spain by way of the island of Majorca and produced in Italy from the 14th century. Majolica is usually restricted to five colours: cobalt blue, antimony yellow, iron red, copper green, and manganese purple; the purple and blue were used, at various periods, mainly for outline. White tin enamel was used also, for highlights or alone on the white tin glaze. The most common shape of the pottery was a display dish, decorated in the istoriato style, a 16th-century Italian narrative style that uses the pottery body solely as support for a purely pictorial effect. Seealso delftware; Faenza majolica; faience; Urbino majolica.

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Majolica or maiolica may refer to:

  • Maiolica - ceramics from Renaissance Italy with an opaque, white glaze containing tin oxide, usually painted in several colors, sometimes called majolica in English-speaking countries.
  • Victorian majolica - ceramics made in 19th century Britain and the USA with molded surfaces and colorful lead glazes.
  • History (Created by Herbert Minton ) A English potter, in 1850 to resemble Renaissance Pieces. Named after maiolica, a sixteenth-Century Italian lusterware. Very Popular among middle class during Victorian age.Produced widely by British and American potteries between 1850 and 1890. Last produced around 1912.

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