Yang Berbahagia Datuk Seri Dr. Wan Azizah Wan Ismail (born 3 December 1952) is a Malaysian politician. She is currently the president of Parti Keadilan Rakyat (People's Justice Party) and she was the Member of Parliament for Permatang Pauh from 1999 to 2008. She was also the Leader of Opposition in Dewan Rakyat from March 2008 until July 31 2008. She resigned her parliamentary seat for Permatang Pauh on 31 July 2008 to make way for her husband Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim to contest in a by-election which has to be held within 60 days from the date she resigned.
Dr. Wan Azizah served as a government doctor for 14 years before deciding to focus on volunteer work, when her husband, Anwar Ibrahim was appointed the Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia in 1993. As part of her voluntary pursuits, she became a patron of MAKNA (Majlis Kanser Nasional or National Cancer Council) in that period and became the second woman to lead a political party in Malaysia's history (Ganga Nayar founded and became the first president of the Malaysian Workers' Party in 1978 ).
Wan Azizah had a Peranakan (Straits Chinese) grandfather but identifies as a Malay Muslim.
On 3 August 2003, she brought the party into a merger with the older Malaysian People's Party (or Parti Rakyat Malaysia) which saw the establishment of the People's Justice Party and was elected as the president of the newly merged party.
As a political party leader and also a parliamentary representative, Dr. Wan Azizah is involved in many programs and activities domestically and internationally. She has spoken at UN-sponsored programs, and the local and international media. She is also the Vice-Chair of the Malaysian Parliamentary Caucus for Democracy in Myanmar and a member of the ASEAN Inter-Parliamentary Myanmar Caucus .
Dr. Wan Azizah won her parliament seat of Permatang Pauh in the 2008 12th General Election of Malaysia with a majority of 13,388 . She was supported by all the component parties of Pakatan Rakyat to lead the opposition in the lower house of parliament, House of Representatives.
With the recent public announcement by Anwar Ibrahim regarding his intention to return to active politics despite being legally barred from doing so, Dr Wan Azizah has indicated her readiness to vacate the position of party president if he was elected. Nonetheless, she has also indicated that she intends to defend her parliamentary seat for Permatang Pauh.
She resigned her parliamentary seat for Permatang Pauh on 31 July 2008 to make way for her husband Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim to contest in a by-election which has to be held within 60 days from the date she resigned. . Her husband succeeded her parliamentary seat after won a big majority on August 26 2008 Permatang Pauh by-election.