Maiduguri, town (1991 est. pop. 282,000), capital Borno state, of NE Nigeria. The city is an important industrial center engaged in food processing and aluminum, steel, asbestos, and cement production. Leather goods made from the hides of crocodiles caught in Lake Chad are a leading product of the town. Peanuts, cotton, and hides and skins produced in the area are exported. The city is a rail, road, and air transportation center serving NE Nigeria and parts of Niger and Chad. Maiduguri was founded near Yerwa in 1907 as a British military post. In July 2009 some 700 died in fighting in the city between an extremist Islamist sect and government forces.

Maiduguri or Yerwa is the capital of Borno State in Nigeria and sits along the Ngadda River. It was founded in 1907 as a military outpost by the British.


The region was the home to both the Hausa and Kanem-Bornu Empires for centuries. The city was founded in 1907 as a military outpost by the British. The city eventually grew into one of the largest cities in Northern Nigeria. On 18 February 2006, riots related to the Prophet Muhammad cartoons published by the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten left at least 16 people dead, and resulted in the destruction of approximately 40 churches.


Maiduguri has an estimated population of 1,197,497 as of 2007. Its citizens are mostly Muslim and largely Kanuri, although there is a considerable Christian population.


Maiduguri is home to two markets, a museum and is served by the Maiduguri International Airport. Maiduguri has one of the best-equipped universities and hospitals in Nigeria, the University of Maiduguri. It is home to the El-Kanemi Warriors, a football team.

Maiduguri is the principle trading hub for northeastern Nigeria. Its economy is largly based on services and trade with a small share of manufacturing. The city lies at the end of a railway line connecting Port Harcourt, Enugu, Kafanchan, Kuru, Bauchi, and finally Maiduguri.


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