Mahbubnagar or Mehboobnagar محبوب نگر is a city in Mahbubnagar district in Andhra Pradesh, India. It is the headquarters of Mahbubnagar District. It is 100 km southwest of the state capital Hyderabad.
It is located in the semiarid region of India with recurring meteorological drought (because of erratic and scanty rainfall) and worsened by overexploitation of meager groundwater resources. 90% of the people of Mahbubnagar district speak Telugu and rest of them speak Urdu.
Mahabunagar is southern district of Hyderabad state under Nizam and bordered with River Krishna in the south and surrounded by the Nalgonda, Hyderabad, Kurnool, Raichur and Gulbarga districts. Mahabubnagar town is located at a distance of 96-km from Hyderabad.
This place was formerly known as "RukmammaPeta" and "Palamooru". The name was changed to Mahabubnagar on 4th December 1890, in honour of Mir Mahbub Ali Khan Asaf Jah VI, the Nizam of Hyderabad (1869-1911 AD). It has been the headquarters of the district since 1883 AD. The Mahabubnagar region was once known as Cholawadi or the Land of the Cholas. It is said that the famous Golconda diamonds including famous "KOHINOOR" diamond came from Mahabubnagar district.
It is very hard to understand the history of Palamoor as this region was always neglected by the rulers. And for most of the time, this region was ruled by very small regional rulers, Samasthans, Jamindars, Doras or land lords. More over, majority of Palamoor people always lived in poverty and slavery and Recording of History was never a priority. Nobody neither knows about their history nor they want to know it. Even today the people of this region struggle all their life for basic needs.
This region though found back in 220 BC is not a big one. It can be crossed by a four wheeler in just less than 10 minutes. If you really interested in history of this region you can go to pillalamarry just 2 miles away from Mahabubnagar town, where you can find so many bhuddist statues virtually broken away by moslem rulers. It could perhaps reflect a part of the history which this town saw. Talking about the district there are many ancient lost temples which you feel amazing to discover and you could even be the first to discover some mighty statues if you really have the knowledge of the ancient text. There were some rivers in past which were flowing across mahabubnagar but in the course of time rivers disappeared. Mahabubnagar suffered the worst Muslim rulers in past which you can see by broken temples which are reconstructed in Jetpole, Somashila, Kollapur and salleshwaram. Krishna river had just too many temples in past which were directly hit by floods in past and also hit by changing river direction which is a slow course. Jetpole have back water beside which you can see several lost temples. You can feel the severty of nature and untolerated nature of Muslim rulers in this region.
Drought is ever persistent in Mehboobnagar District. The people’s adaptive and coping strategies have become a way of life. Seasonal migrations for alternative livelihood opportunities have become a tradition for some of the people. There are various ongoing projects / programmes in the district to mitigate the drought and its impact on livelihood opportunities. There are various departments in the District actively working for improving the livelihood opportunities, namely District Water Management Agency (DWMA), District Rural Development Agency (DRDA) / District Poverty Initiatives Programme (DPIP), Department of Agriculture, Department of Animal Husbandry, SC / ST / BC corporations and other line departments.
The means for living by all human beings - some survive and some thrive. In space and time the livelihood opportunities and options vary, there can be various factors responsible directly or indirectly. Livelihoods in the rural environment are diverse and are vulnerable to shocks and trends like Climate Change and Variability. And also there are certain policies and structures existing for the sustainability of the livelihoods. In space and time Sustainable Livelihoods are result of reduced vulnerability and increased adaptability.
Agriculture is the main livelihood activity and people are traditionally involved in agriculture but there is need for them to adapt to the organic and sustainable agricultural practices. There is also need to give them better skills in on-farm and off-farm related activities for coping with drought. There is scope to explore traditional knowledge in agricultural practices. PTD can be tried to innovate locally suitable sustainable agricultural practices. Seed banks could be promoted for conserving the traditional indigenous seeds which are resistant to climate variability. A grain bank can be promoted for food security. Majority of the farmers are small and marginal, there is a need to provide additional livelihood opportunities for the farmers. There is also need to provide with knowledge and technology to improve the existing lands and to bring the fallow lands under cultivation. Providing advise on cropping – choice of crops and management practices. There is a need for better extension of services by the agriculture department. Need to improve or work for non farm based livelihood activities, improvement of natural resources to cope in lean season and for food security.
There is a need to revive the dairy sector. The milk production is directly related to availability of fodder. The farmers are well aware of the leguminous fodder, there is a need to encourage and provide seed and other inputs for fodder improvement. Options for breed improvement could be explored for better management of livestock.
More area can be brought under cultivation through water conservation measures and practices (reduced paddy cultivation, installation of micro irrigation systems, etc.). Open wells could be converted into recharge wells and there is scope for renovation of existing tanks to increase the capacity of the tanks. Under the ongoing watershed programme there is scope for development in the following sectors - fodder development, Agro- and social forestry, horticulture development, promotion of quality of seeds, promotion of Vermiculture, Sustainable Agricultural methods, non-farm livelihoods, and facilitation for silt removal from the village tanks for application in the dry lands.
The people in the villages are mainly dependent on agriculture as primary activity. As majority of the farmers are marginal and small, there is need for livelihoods diversification by the people. The people need to be provided trainings and skills for adapting to diverse trades. This would also provide additional employment opportunities. People are well aware of the developments in various fields, therefore it is easy for them to diversify and adapt to other livelihood options.
Alternative livelihood options need to be provided to the educated youth in the village. The women and youth in the village should be imparted trainings in Micro-enterprise development. For example youth could be trained on electrical repairs (motor winding and pumps) and servicing home appliances etc.