Mahaweli River

Mahaweli Ganga

The Mahaweli Ganga ("Mahaweli River"; Sinhala mahaväli ganga) is the longest river in Sri Lanka. It is 335 km (208 mi) long. Its drainage basin is the largest in Sri Lanka, and covers almost one-fifth of the total area of the island. The river reaches the Bay of Bengal at Trincomalee in the north-east of Sri Lanka. It continues as a major submarine canyon, making Trincomalee one of the finest deep sea harbours in the world. The river is heavily dammed in order to produce hydroelectricity and water for irrigation. This has brought almost 1,000 km² of land under irrigation. Mahaweli Ganga is a Sinhalese term that means "great sandy river." The river receives the Kotmale Oya.

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