In the Tanakh
(translated as "sickness," "a company of dancers" or "a harp") is the name of two women.
- In Genesis 28:9, Mahalath is the daughter of Ishmael and a wife of Esau and is the only one of Esau's wives of whom his father Isaac approved, as the other two were both Canaanites as indicated in Genesis 28:8-9. Some authorities suggest she is the same person as Bashemath in Genesis 36:3-4.
- In 1 Chronicles 11:18, Mahalath is a daughter of Jerimoth and Abihail. Mahalath was married to king Rehoboam.