Magsaysay, Ramón, 1907-57, president of the Philippines (1953-57). When the Japanese invaded the Philippines (1941), he joined the army and was commissioned a captain. A guerrilla leader throughout the Japanese occupation, he was named (1945) military governor of Zambales province by Gen. Douglas MacArthur. While serving in the Philippine Congress (1946-50), Magsaysay presented a plan for subduing the Hukbalahap (Huk) guerrillas, which led to his appointment as secretary of national defense by President Elpidio Quirino. He reformed the army, captured the top members of the Communist party, and fought the Huks, combining strong military action with a land resettlement program. After a dispute with President Quirino, however, Magsaysay resigned from his post (1953). He left the ruling Liberal party and ran for president on the Nationalist ticket, defeating Quirino by a large majority. As president, he cooperated closely with the United States and pursued a program of land and governmental reform. He was favored to win reelection to a second term, but died in an airplane crash (1957) before the voting began.

See biographies by C. Quirino (2d. ed. 1964) and M. M. Gray (1965).

Magsaysay is a 4th class municipality in the province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 28,740 people in 5,713 households.


Magsaysay is politically subdivided into 12 barangays.

  • Alibog
  • Caguray
  • Calawag
  • Gapasan
  • Laste
  • Lourdes
  • Nicolas (Bulo)
  • Paclolo
  • Poblacion
  • Purnaga
  • Santa Teresa
  • Sibalat

Environmental Profile

Magsaysay, one of the eleven (11) municipalities in the Province of Occidental Mindoro lies on the southern-most part of the province and is adjacent to the municipality of San Jose on the North; on the East separated by chain of valleys and mountains in the municipality of Bulalacao, Oriental Mindoro; on the South, by Garza Island; and on the West by Iling Island. It is facing the China Sea, with vast plains and valleys. It is characterized by rugged terrain with plain areas. Slope ranges from level to very steep slopping area. The highest point of elevation is at 543 feet above sea level.

The municipality has a total land area of 29,670 hectares or 29,368,240 square meters with a land density of 91.0 per square kilometer. It is divided into twelve (12) Barangays, one of which is classified urban and the rest are rural. Five (5) barangays of the municipality are coastal barangays.

Magsaysay is characterized by rugged terrain with plain areas located at Barangays Calawag, Gapasan, Laste, Nicolas, Purnaga and Sibalat. Slope of 3-8 percent are observed in the surroundings of Barangays Alibog, Lourdes, Paclolo, Poblacion and Sta. Teresa. It is being drained by Caguray River. Slope ranges from level to very steeply slopping land. The highest point of elevation at 543 feet above sea level located at the northeast portion of Barangay Purnaga, which has slope of 18 percent and above (Figure 4). Majority or 97.14 percent of the total land area falls below 18 percent slope, which is based on the Forestry Code can be classified Alienable and Disposable or areas that can be owned. This manifests minimal limitation in terms of land development for land falling above 18 percent or land classified as forests have minimal share of only 2.86 percent.

The municipality has abundant water resource for domestic consumption and irrigation supply. Ground water serves as a main source of potable water supply including natural springs. Various river systems also traverse the locality, which is being utilized for irrigation such as Caguray River. In the same manner, it also serves as a natural drainage system in the locality.

Land Area per Barangay Barangay Land Area (ha.) 1. Alibog 2,480.00 2. Caguray 3,150.00 3. Calawag 1,580.00 4. Gapasan 1,755.00 5. Laste 2,320.00 6. Lourdes 2,230.00 7. Nicolas 2,540.00 8. Paclolo 2,630.00 9. Poblacion 3,670.00 10. Purnaga 3,325.00 11. Sta. Teresa 2,160.00 12. Sibalat 1,830.00 Total 29,670.00 Source: MPDC, 2001


Since 1970, total population has been continuously increasing with fluctuating growth rate. The highest growth rate of 5.98 percent was noted between 1975 and 1980 while the least growth rate of 1.76 percent was recorded between 1985-1990.

Censal Year Population Increase Growth Rate

(%) 1970 11,475 1975 13,132 1,657 2.73 1980 17,560 4,428 5.98 1985 19,778 2,218 2.41 1990 21,580 1,802 1.76 1995 26,947 5,367 4.54 2000 28,740 1,793 1.39

census resulting to dramatic increase in population and subsequently drastic increase in growth rate. Due to this reason, population projection will be based on an average growth rate between ten years interval (1985-1995). As of 2000 NSO Result, the municipality marked 1.39% Annual Growth Rate.

Existing Tourism Areas

There are four spots which can be considered for tourism development; (1) Garza Island. A 15-minute boat trip from barangay Sibalat. It is a 3 hectare island best suited for nature best activities such as camping, snorkeling and sunbathing; (2) Purnaga Cave. The interior portion contains several compartments of stalactites and stalagmites with the size of a small cargo container or as big as cathedral. It is also found to have guano deposits and water pools and believed to be extended adjacent to Oriental Mindoro ; (3) Sibalat Beach; and (4) Bukal Spring.

External links

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