is one of the biggest lakes
, located between the municipalities of Stockholm and Huddinge
. It is considered as of great recreational value and is popular for bathing, yachting, and fishing in summers, and tour skating
in winters. It is bordering two nature reserves: Fagersjöskogen
and Rågsved Open-Air Area
Less than half of the catchment area is composed of forest and open grasslands. Some 10 per cent is wetlands and parks, and the remaining area used for one-family houses and blocks of flats. Two bridges crosses the lake and several major roads are passing through the catchment area, as do the above ground tracks of the metro and suburban railway. South of the lake is a larger continuous forest, a golfe course, and an open-air centre. On the northern side are, besides the nature reserve, area used for riding and Allotment-gardens
The primary catchment area is relatively small and composed of three ditches — Magelungsdiket, Kräppladiket, and Djupån — together contributing about 3 million cubic metres annually. Stormwater is brought to the lake via a great number of pipes together bringing about 10 million cubic metre. The remaining catchment area brings less than 1 million cubic metres annually.
Most of the phosphorus
discharged into the lake, totalling 1,800 kg/year, is brought from the lake Ågestasjön
(~1,000 kg) through the Norrån
river, while the primary catchment area brings some 500 kg. Of the 25 tons
brought annually to the lake, about 18 tons comes from Norrån and some 6 tons from the primary catchment area. The deepest south-eastern part of the lake suffers from oxygen deficiency and hydrogen sulphide
which causes high levels of phosphorus. Most of the zinc
comes from roofs, while high levels of metals have been reported in stormwater from a local industrial area.
Flora and fauna
In the south-eastern part of the lake phytoplanktons
are dominated by various species of cyanobacterias
, some of which are nitrogen-binding and potentially poisonous, and exceptionally other nutrient-demanding algae and dinoflagellates
are only found in small quantities. Variations in quantity appears between the southern and northern parts of the lake, with more an abundant presence of green algae
in the northern end where dinoflagellates are substituted also by diatoms
. Striking when it comes to aquatic plants
is the abundance of Spiked Water-milfoil
and Rigid Hornswort
in the north-western part of the lake. An inventory in 1998 also documented Chara globularis
, Common waterweed
, White Water-lily
, Yellow water-lily
, Branched Bur-reed
, Flowering rush
, and Stratiotes aloides
An inventory of the fauna in 1997 documented some 55 species, which considered a relatively high diversity. Most prevalent was freshwater Gastropods, Caddisflies, and Leeches, and Beetles. Common fishes are Perch, Abramis bjoerkna, Roach, and Zander; but Burbot, European smelt, and eel have also been reported. Zander, Grass carp, and Trout have been introduced. Angling is thus popular in the lake. Crayfish plague struck the lake in 1978 but Signal crayfish was reintroduced in 1984.
An number of birds breed along the north-western shore, including Eurasian Coot, Common Moorhen, Mallard, and Great Crested Grebe. Lesser Spotted Woodpecker have been reported in the surrounding forest and the lake is the home of a rare couple of Marsh harrier. Except for Black-headed Gull, Common Gull, Herring Gull, and Common Tern, also Osprey, Heron, Canada Goose, Mute Swan, and Greylag Goose have been sighted. Breeding species include Great Crested Grebe, Common Teal, Common Snipe, and Reed Bunting. Only occasionally seen are Garganey, Common Kingfisher, Osprey, and Gadwall among others.
Frog fry was reported in 2001 near the inflow of the lake, an indication amphibians are resettling the area. Several species of bats have been sighted around the lake.