Macassar oil is often made with coconut oil or palm oil combined with "ylang-ylang" oil (obtained by processing the flowers of the Ylang-ylang tree,Cananga odorata) and other fragrant oils. (For details on the tree, as well as the oil extraction process and the oil's use in Macassar oil, see: and )
Macassar oil was so named because it was reputed to have been manufactured from ingredients purchased in the port of Makassar in Indonesia.
Due to the tendency for the oil to transfer from a gentleman's hair to the back of the chair he was sitting on, the antimacassar was developed. This is essentially a small crocheted cloth placed over the back of a chair.