(plural MUVEs) refers to online
, multi-user virtual environments
, sometimes called virtual worlds
. While this term has been used previously to refer to a generational change in MUDs
, and MMORPGs
, it is most widely used to describe MMOGs
that are not necessarily game-specific. The term was first used in Chip Morningstar's 1990 paper The Lessons of Lucasfilm's Habitat
. A number of the most popular and well-known MUVEs are listed below, although there are a number of others. Modern MUVEs have 3D isometric
/third-person graphics, are accessed over the Internet, allow for some dozens of simultaneous users to interact, and represent a persistent virtual world.
Habitat (1987) and Club Caribe (1988) could be considered the first graphical MUVEs.
Morningstar, C., & Farmer, F. R. (1990). The Lessons of Lucasfilm's Habitat. In M. Benedikt (Ed.), Cyberspace: First steps (The First Annual International Conference on Cyberspace ed., ). Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press. from http://www.fudco.com/chip/lessons