The M18 highway
, also known as the Kola Motorway
, is a major highway
, running from Saint Petersburg
. The highway is part of the E105 European route
. The highway is the main transportation route by road in the Republic of Karelia
and the Murmansk Oblast
. Its length is 1435 kilometers.
The M18 highway runs from Saint Petersburg, south of Lake Ladoga
, Polyarnye Zori
and ends in Severomorsk
. It passes the Arctic circle
a couple of kilometers south of the border of Karelia and the Murmansk oblast, north of Loukhi.
In the Republic of Karelia, the landscape through which the M18 runs is mainly forest (birches), rivers and lakes. In the Murmansk Oblast, the highway runs for the most part through the Kola Peninsula, a severely polluted area. The landscape here is more open and consists partly of half-tundra.