is a town
in Essex County
, in the United States
. As of the 2000 census
, the town population was 11,542.
The town of Lynnfield was first settled in 1638
and was made a district in 1782
. It was later officially incorporated in 1842
. Historically, Lynnfield functioned as two separate villages connected by one governing body: in Lynnfield Center resided a mostly agricultural population, while South Lynnfield was a crossroad situated amongst neighboring larger towns. During this time, the town had two inns, a granite rock quarry, a small carbonated beverage bottler, and various eating institutions.
The stagecoach line north from Boston to Portsmouth
, New Hampshire, known locally as "The Newburyport Turnpike", ran through South Lynnfield. Later this roadway was officially re-named U.S. Route 1
, the route which brought many people north to the small town during the post-World War Two population surge. Lynnfield has since become a modern, chiefly residential suburb of Boston.
Along with the communities of Chelsea, Lynn, Salem, Marblehead, Danvers, Middleton, Andover, Methuen, Haverhill, Amesbury and Salisbury, Lynnfield
was a part of "The Gerry-mander"
so described by the Boston Gazette
on March 26, 1812. See: Gerrymandering
Lynnfield Center retained limited commuter rail service, via the Boston & Maine Railroad
, into the late 1950s/early 1960s with a small railroad boarding platform located not far from the current Town Hall offices.
When, in the 1960s, the United States Post Office implemented the Zone Improvement Program with 5-digit numerical codes, Lynnfield was assigned two Z.I.P. codes: 01940 and 01944, for the Lynnfield Center and the South Lynnfield post offices, respectively. Later, 01944 was re-assigned to Manchester (now Manchester-by-the-Sea
), Massachusetts; South Lynnfield currently shares Zip Code 01940 with Lynnfield Center.
In 2005, Lynnfield High School was named a Blue Ribbon School by the Department of Education. The school system consistently has one of the highest standardized test scores of the state.
Lynnfield is located at (42.527895, -71.028348).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 10.5 square miles (27.1 km²), of which, 10.1 square miles (26.3 km²) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.9 km²) of it (3.24%) is water.
Lynnfield borders the following towns: Middleton, North Reading, Reading, Wakefield, Saugus, Lynn, and Peabody.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 11,542 people, 4,186 households, and 3,348 families residing in the town. The population density
was 1,137.7 people per square mile (439.5/km²). There were 4,273 housing units at an average density of 421.2/sq mi (162.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.73% White
, 0.43% Black
or African American
, 1.92% Asian
, 0.03% Pacific Islander
, 0.21% from other races
, and 0.67% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 0.67% of the population.
There were 4,186 households out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.6% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.0% were non-families. 17.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.13.
In the town the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 28.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 96.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $80,626, and the median income for a family was $91,869. Males had a median income of $67,005 versus $42,417 for females. The per capita income for the town was $39,560. About 1.1% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.7% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.