Lucena (pop. 46,000) is a town in southern Spain, in the province of Córdoba, in Andalusia, 60 km southeast of Córdoba, 85 km north of Málaga, 140 km east of Seville, 105 km west of Granada, and 90 km southwest of Jaén. It is the second major city in the province after the provincial capital (also called Cordoba). It's located at the conjunction of important highways in the geographical center of Andalusia. People from Lucena are called "Lucentinos." The city was originally known as Eliossana, from the Hebrew Elí hosanna, "God may save us". Muslims called it Al-Yussana.
Over 90 percent of the population lives to the northeast of the city district (término municipal).
At the beginning of the eleventh century, several important Jewish scholars lived in Lucena. Isaac Alfasi founded a large Talmudic academy in Lucena, and here also Isaac ibn Ghayyat, Isaac ibn Albalia, and Joseph ibn Migash were prominent.
The parish church dates from the ending of the 15th century. Our Lady of Araceli is an image brought from Rome in the 16th century and is the patron of Lucena, canonically crowned in 1948.
The chief industries are the manufacture of furniture, industrial refrigerators, brandy, bronze lamps and pottery, especially the large earthenware jars (tinajas) used in the past throughout Spain for the storage of oil and wine, some of which hold more than 300 gallons. Matches also used to be made there. There is considerable trade in agricultural produce. The horse fair in September was famous throughout Andalusia, but since the last decades of the 20th century there is only a fair like in most towns in Andalusia.
There's another city in southern Brazil called 'Presidente Lucena.' This name came from Henrique Pereira de Lucena (born in Recife, capital of the state of Pernambuco. He later nominated Barão de Lucena (or Baron of Lucena) who governed the provinces of Pernambuco, Bahia and Rio Grande do Sul at the Century XIX during the period of Brazilian Empire.
The Count of Lucena (Conde de Lucena) is S.E. Don Hugo O'Donnell, Duke of Tetuan, a Grandee of Spain.
Another famous person from Lucena was Abraão de Lucena (in Portuguese) or Abraham of Lucena (in English), a rabbi who founded the first synagogue in the USA. He lived in Recife (Brazil) in the sixteenth century before travelling to New Amsterdam (New York) where he died.
Philtrust Bank Inaugurates Its Lucena City Branch at Quezon Avenue Corner Don Queblar Street, Lucena City Today, Thursday, September 22, 2011
Sep 21, 2011; MANILA, Philippines - Philtrust Bank, also known as Philippine Trust Company (a Universal Bank), which is celebrating its 95th...