Lucas

Lucas

[loo-kuhs]
Vásquez de Ayllón, Lucas: see Ayllón.
Samaras, Lucas, 1936-, American artist, b. Kastoria, Greece. Samaras is noted for his unusual assemblages, incorporating such diverse materials as straight pins, multicolored string, plastics, chicken wire, feathers, and mirrors. The resulting works are both visually seductive and implicitly violent. Samaras is known for his reclusiveness, and his work is regarded as a revelation into his disturbing and complex private realm. His Untitled Box Number 3 (1963) is in the collection of the Whitney Museum, New York City.
Lucas, variant of Luke.
Lucas, Edward Verrall, 1868-1938, English author and critic. For several years he was assistant editor of Punch. He wrote many volumes of gently satirical essays and travel books, including Old Lamps for New (1911), Saunterer's Rewards (1933), and Only the Other Day (1936). He is chiefly remembered, however, for his biography of Charles Lamb (1905) and his collection of the letters of Charles and Mary Lamb (1903-5). Of his several novels, Over Bemerton (1908) is considered his best.

See biography by his daughter Audrey Lucas (1939, repr. 1969).

Lucas, George W., Jr., 1944-, American film director, producer, and writer, b. Modesto, Calif. Although Lucas's first film, THX-1138 (1970), was not successful, his next two, American Graffiti (1973) and Star Wars (1977), set the course for filmmaking in the next decade. The first made song scores an acceptable alternative to symphonic orchestrations; the second presented a simple action scenario bolstered by amazing special effects. Both were tremendously successful, the latter becoming the first film to top $200 million at the box office. Lucas then formed Lucasfilm (which has since become a business conglomerate) and produced two further installments of the Star Wars tale, The Empire Strikes Back (1980) and Return of the Jedi (1983). In both films he promoted a special effects-driven aesthetic through the formation of Industrial Light and Magic, a company that produces state-of-the-art effects for films.

Lucas also produced the popular Indiana Jones trilogy, which mixed spectacular stunt work with a seriallike content of inescapable traps from which the stalwart hero escapes. In addition, he has provided financial sponsorship for more traditional work, such as Akira Kurosawa's Ran (1985). In 1987 he won a special Academy Award for lifetime achievement. By the early 1990s he controlled a large, multifaceted entertainment business empire. Lucas has also produced, written, and directed three additional installments of the Star Wars cycle, "prequels" entitled The Phantom Menace (1999), Attack of the Clones (2002), and Revenge of the Sith (2005).

Cranach or Kranach, Lucas, the Elder, 1472-1553, German painter and engraver. The son of a painter, he settled in Wittenberg c.1504 and was court painter successively under three electors of Saxony. There he maintained a flourishing workshop and was twice burgomaster. Cranach was a close friend of Martin Luther, whose doctrine he upheld in numerous paintings and woodcuts, and he has been called the painter of the Reformation. He was a rapid and prolific painter, and the work turned out by his studio is uneven in quality. Naïve and fanciful, often awkward in draftsmanship, it has, nonetheless, freshness and originality and a warm, rich palette. His portraits are particularly successful. Among his best-known works are Repose in Egypt (Gemäldgalerie, Staatliche Mus., Berlin-Dahlem); Judgment of Paris (Staatliche Kunsthalle, Karlsruhe); Adam and Eve (Courtauld Inst., London); and Crucifixion (Weimar). The latter contains figures of Luther and Cranach. His many famous protraits include those of Elector John Frederick and Self-Portrait (Uffizi). Cranach was also an accomplished miniaturist. He produced a few copperplates and designs for woodcuts. His son and pupil Lucas Cranach, the Younger, 1515-86, continued the tradition of his father, whose workshop, signature, and popularity he inherited. Their work is often indistinguishable.

See study ed. by E. Ruhmer (1963).

Kranach, Lucas: see Cranach, Lucas.
Alamán, Lucas, 1792-1853, Mexican historian and statesman. As deputy to the Spanish Cortes, he failed to win a hearing for the insurgents in Mexico. Returning to Mexico, he held several public offices and was twice minister of foreign affairs in the government after the fall of Agustin de Iturbide. Alamán founded the Archivo General and the National Museum, in Mexico City. He is chiefly remembered for his comprehensive history of Mexico, Historia de Méjico (5 vol., 1849-52).

(born 1489/94, Leiden, Neth.—died before Aug. 8, 1533, Leiden) Netherlandish painter and engraver. He was trained by his father, a painter, but his great talent was as an engraver. Even such youthful prints as Muhammad and the Monk Sergius (1508) show great technical skill. In 1510, under the influence of Albrecht Dürer, he produced two masterpieces of engraving, The Milkmaid and Ecce Homo, the latter much admired by Rembrandt. He is thought to have developed the technique of etching on copper (instead of iron) plates; the softness of copper permitted him to combine etching and line engraving in the same print. He was also among the first to employ aerial perspective in prints. Though his paintings seldom attain the power of his engravings, he was an outstanding Netherlandish painter of his period; The Last Judgment (1526–27) is his most celebrated painting.

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Lucas is a city in Lucas County, Iowa, United States. The population was 243 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Lucas is located at (41.029843, -93.461595).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.0 square miles (2.5 km²), of which, 1.0 square miles (2.5 km²) of it is land and 1.03% is water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 243 people, 95 households, and 68 families residing in the city. The population density was 251.4 people per square mile (96.7/km²). There were 101 housing units at an average density of 104.5/sq mi (40.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.77% White, 0.82% Asian, and 0.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.82% of the population.

There were 95 households out of which 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.0% were married couples living together, 3.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.4% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,250, and the median income for a family was $38,750. Males had a median income of $26,458 versus $21,607 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,145. About 6.9% of families and 10.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.4% of those under the age of eighteen and none of those sixty five or over.

Notable natives

References

External links

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