|The blind daughter of Tuoni,|
|Old and wicked witch, Lowyatar,|
|Worst of all the Death-land women,|
|Ugliest of Mana's children,|
|Source of all the host of evils,|
|All the ills and plagues of Northland,|
|Black in heart, and soul, and visage,|
|Evil genius of Lappala,|
|Made her couch along the wayside,|
|On the fields of sin and sorrow;|
|Turned her back upon the East-wind,|
|To the source of stormy weather,|
|To the chilling winds of morning.|
When Elias Lönnrot compiled Kalevala, he made Loviatar and Louhi two different characters. However, in the old folk poems the names are often used interchangeably. Some poems specify Louhi as the mother of the Nine diseases and others give Loviatar the title "Whore Mistress of Pohjola"
There is one difference between Louhi and the various forms of Loviatar in the poems. The Loviatar name family occurs only in spells where diseases are banished to go back to her while Louhi occurs also in epic poems. She gives quests to heroes, and opposes Lemminkäinen in a spell contest.
One hypothesis is that Louhi and Loviatar were regional variant names for the same goddess and that the epic poems were composed in an area where Louhi was the primary name. A large portion of the epic poems speak only about the Mistress of Pohjola and don't call her by name at all.