Newport is a market town in the borough of Telford and Wrekin and ceremonial county of Shropshire, England, some north of Telford. It lies near to the border with the county of Staffordshire. The 2001 census recorded 10,814 people living in the town's parish, making it the second largest town of Telford and Wrekin, not including the conglomerated towns of the Telford urban area. The town now lies in the borough and unitary authority of Telford and Wrekin. The villages of Church Aston, Chetwynd, Shropshire and Longford, Shropshire to the south of Newport, are adjoined to the town, though it is a separate parishs, and the village of Edgemond though pre-excisting Newport, has become a part of the town, seperated only by Cheney hill
Newport is an interesting and picturesque market town in the centre of a rural farming area. Situated 10 miles from the New town of Telford, Newport was itself planned as a new town of the 12th century, planted here during the reign of Henry I. The wide main street designed for its market and the narrow burgage plots running at right angles to it is typical of the Norman planned towns. Due to the passage of time and a great fire of 1665 only a few of the medieval buildings remain, but there are many fine Regency and Georgian frontages.
Newport is sited on a Sandstone ridge. The area around it at the end of the last Ice Age was part of Lake Lapworth. This was formed from the melting glaciers and covered a vast area of North Shropshire. Early man fished here and two log boats were uncovered a mile from Newport. One has been preserved and is now at Harper Adams University College at Edgmond.
Newport is not mentioned in the Domesday Survey, but at the time of the Conquest formed part of the manor of Edgmond, which William I gave with the rest of the county of Shropshire to Roger, Earl of Shrewsbury. Henry I is supposed to have founded the borough, at first called New Borough, after the manor had come into his hands through the forfeiture of Robert de Belesme.
The Norman's planned a 'New Town' beside the older settlement of Edgmond. This resulted in the distinctive long wide High Street, the burgage plots and the name Novo Burgo, meaning New Town. The first market charter was granted by Henry I.
Medieval Newport flourished with trade in leather, wool and fish. Fish came from the nearby vivary and Novoportans possessed the right to provide fish for the Royal table. The many half-timbered buildings surviving from the Late Medieval and Tudor periods confirm Newport's success.
The site was probably chosen partly on account of the fisheries, which are mentioned in the Domesday Survey, one of the chief services of the burgesses being that of taking fish to the king's court wherever it might be. This custom was continued after Henry III had granted the borough with the manor of Edgmond, to Henry de Audley, but in the middle of the 13th century James, son of Henry de Audley, granted that the burgesses need not take the fish anywhere except within the county of Shropshire.
The burgesses must have received certain privileges from Henry I, since Henry II in an undated charter granted them all the liberties, rights and customs which they had in the time of Henry I. This probably included a gild merchant which is mentioned in the Quo Warranto Rolls as one of the privileges claimed by the burgesses. Confirmation charters were granted by Edward I in 1287 and Edward II in 1311, while the town was incorporated in 1551 by Edward VI, whose charter was confirmed by James I in 1604. The governing body consisted of a high steward, deputy steward, two water-bailiffs and 28 burgesses, but the corporation was abolished by the Municipal Corporation Act of 1883, and a Local Board was formed, which, under the Local Government Act, gave place in 1894 to an urban district council.
Like many rural market towns, Newport was influenced by industry from both directions, it served the needs of the mining area to the east of Shropshire and was also affected by mass produced industrial goods that replaced traditional crafts.
Facilities and places of interest
The High street
The High street
of Newport follows the Norman
design. This resulted in the distinctive long wide High Street
, the burgage plots running along either side and the church rising up in the middle, with the High street on one side and st marys street on the other.
After the fire
of Newport in 1666 The old norman
buildings were replaced with grand Georgian architecture
hiding the work yards behind, the shops are still there but the work yards have now been developed into housing
despite being close to larger retail centers
such as Telford
, Newport has retained a large amount of shops that row the High street, Stafford street and St Marys street, with St Marys street keeping its charm by still using Cobblestone
and the majority of shops being small boutiques
. St Marys is also the sight of various markets and fairs such as the Olde time market, with over 50 stalls and various farmers market
's, these tie in with Newports indoor market.
There is also a Waitrose
superstore on the edge of the town centre which also includes an online ordering service called " Waitrose Deliver
the town also has well known companies such as Subway
, Seconds Ahead
, Focus Do It All
centers and Mackays
Mere park roundabout and out of town shopping
on the Newport by-pass A518 road
an out of town shopping center has grown up around the Mere Park Garden center
, with various shops.
the building work is still being extended and hotels and small shops being built, this ties in with the various other industral esstates that lie around the newport by-pass and springfield esstate.
The ruins of Lilleshall Abbey are to be found four miles to the south. They include a Norman west door and part of the front, considerable remains of the church besides, and traces of domestic buildings. The abbey was founded in 1145, under charter from King Stephen, by Richard de Baumes or Belmeis, dean of St Alkmund, Shrewsbury, for Augustinian canons, who were brought from Dorchester Abbey, Oxfordshire.
The town's church of St. Nicholas is Early English and Perpendicular.
The town also has an ancient market cross, the Buttercross, and a literary institute.
- Independent Chapel, Beaumaris Lane, Newport, Built 1803 on the sight of a church dating from 1765, converted into cottages in 1832.
- Newport Independent (Congregational) Chapel, Wellington Road, Built 1831, Now called the Trinity church
- Newport Primitive Methodist Chapel, Stafford Road, built 1830, demolished 1877.
- Newport Primitive Methodist Chapel, Wellington Road, built 1877, closed 1920.
- Newport Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, Upper Bar, Built 1829, converted into shops in 1876.
- Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, Avenue Road, Newport, Built 1876, closed in 2001 and has since become a house.
- Newport Baptist church, Water Lane, Built 1960's.
- St Nicolas church, originally Built in the reign of Henry I and restored in 1886 and 1890
- St Peter and Paul Catholic church, Newport Salters Lane, Built 1857
Newport has many schools that are scattered around the town and the amount of schools has made Newport an education hot spot
The town lies on a historic junction on the road from London
and the East Midlands
to North Wales
- A41 runs by the town on a North-South by-pass which opened in early 1985.
- A518 runs by the town on an East-West bypass from Stafford to Telford.
- A519 road also runs through the town.
- The railway which once ran from Wellington to Stafford, through Newport, has now been dismantled, but as the has been restored to Donnington it is hoped the next fase would be to re connect the town to the railway network .
- The Shrewsbury and Newport Canal is now out of use but is currently being restored to a fully working cannal by the Shrewsbury and Newport Canal Trust.
There is a range of small pubs
and wine bars spread up and down the main high street of Newport, the most popular with locals being The Barley Mow, The Railway
Tavern and The Pheasant
, while Ozzys Wine Bar and Adams House are popular amongst the sizeable student population. Also in the town centre, there is the nightclub
, Central Square, which was formerly called "Main Street".
The town hosts many events throughout the year, but six main events bring people to newport:
situated in the showground between Edgmond and Newport. Newport show
There are also plenty of groups that excist around the town.
Venues in Newport
- Cosy Hall- Built in 1852 as a coach manufacturers, it has been re-developed and extended into the towns Community Building, overlooking the Shrewsbury and Newport Canal.
- The Guildhall - is a medieval timber-framed building dating from Anglo-Saxon times.
- Newport Market Hall - Built in 1860 and is considered one of the towns grandest buildings.
- Royal Victoria Hotel - named after Princess Victoria in 1832 after she stayed there.
- Royal Naval Club - hosts live music regularly.
Restaurants and cafes
Newport has a wide range of restaurants, mostly on the High Street and branch streets. These range from small family run cafes to large international companies.
- Laurel & Hardy, St Marys' Street
- Mischa's Restaurant, High Street
- Shanghai City, High Street
- Shimla Tandoori Restaurant, St Mary's Street
- Spice Island, High Street
- Taste of Paradise, High Street
- Adams House, High Street
- Lutine Bell, High Street
- The Fox, Chetwind Aston
- Jasmine Tandoori Restaurant, High Street
Over the last few years, very little in the way of redevelopment
has happened in the town, with attention going to towns including Wellington
. Over the next few years, a major redevelopment of the canal and surrounding area is planned for the lower bar of the High Street area, with planned housing, bars and restaurants set to line the canal
. New sporting facilities, like climbing walls
in the Springfields area of the town and a new multi-million pound sports centre are also being built.
There are also plans to build two new hotels in the town, both on the by-pass, which will be on opposite sides of the town, near to a local DIY shop Focus DIY
with a lorry park and tourist
information centre and near the Meer Park garden centre respectively.
The High Street and St Mary's Street area is also seeing new stores coming into the town to fill empty lots and some of the older ones being developed.
Lilleshall Sports Centre
Formerly the country retreat and hunting lodge for the Duke of Sutherland, Lilleshall Hall now commands an unrivalled position as the foremost venue for sporting and strategic excellence. Now home to the flagship Lilleshall National Sports Centre,
the hall and grounds are utilised to the benefit of the whole nation - indeed Lilleshall has been the training ground for some of today's top sportsmen and women from all fields and abilities. 2 miles from the centre of Newport.
Science and mathematics
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