Llywelyn ap Gruffydd Fychan of Caeo
(1341? - 9 October 1401
) was a Welsh
landowner, a squire in effect, who in 1401 organized a decoy of Henry IV
's English forces searching for the Welsh resistance leader Owain Glyndŵr
. The deception allowed Owain to escape but involved Llywelyn in putting his life on the line. As punishment for his actions, Llywelyn was condemned by the English king to be executed in the town square of Llandovery
. The English cut his stomach out and had it cooked in front of him, following which Llywelyn was hung, drawn and quartered
A 16-foot tall sculpture of an empty helmeted and cloaked figure, holding a spear and shield, commemorates Llywelyn ap Gruffudd Fychan. Made entirely from stainless steel, it was erected beside Llandovery Castle in 2001, on the 600th anniversary of Llywelyn's execution. The stone base is from the cwmwd of Caio / Caeo which was Llywelyn ap Gruffydd Fychan's home area - and on it is carved the final verse of a Welsh poem.
- National Geographic Magazine, March 2006, The Celtic Realm, pg 90.