Lloyd Blaine Hammond, Jr.
) is a NASA astronaut
Hammond was born on January 16
in Savannah, Georgia
, but considers St. Louis, Missouri
his hometown. He graduated from Kirkwood High School
in 1969 and received a Bachelor of Science
degree in engineering
, and mechanics
from the United States Air Force Academy
in 1973 and a Master of Science
degree in engineering science and mechanics from Georgia Institute of Technology
in 1974. He is a member of the Air Force Academy Association of Graduates
, the Air Force Association
, and the Order of Daedalians
Awards and honors
Military and Flight Experience
Hammond received his pilot wings at Reese Air Force Base
, in 1975. He was assigned to the 50th Tactical Fighter Wing 496th Tactical Fighter Squadron, Hahn Air Base
, flying the F4E
from 1976 to 1979. In 1979-1980, he was an Instructor Pilot in the F-5B
/E/F at Williams Air Force Base
, training a variety of foreign national students. He attended the Empire Test Pilots' School
(ETPS) at A&AEE Boscombe Down, United Kingdom
, in 1981. Hammond returned to Edwards Air Force Base
, in 1982, where he managed several projects in the 6512 Test Squadron until being assigned as an instructor at the USAF Test Pilot School. As a test pilot school instructor, he flew the F-4, A-7 Corsair II
, and A-37
, and was the High Angle of Attack program monitor, teaching stall
theory and flight training.
He has logged over 4,500 hours in 15 American and 10 RAF aircraft.
Selected by NASA in May 1984, Hammond became an astronaut in June 1985, and is qualified for assignment as a pilot/commander on future Space Shuttle
flight crews. His technical assignments include having served in Mission Control as an ascent/entry spacecraft
communicator (CAPCOM). In that capacity he was directly involved in the decision-making process for flight rules, procedures, techniques, and launch commit criteria. He was also assigned as an Astronaut Support Person (ASP), or "Cape Crusader," responsible for monitoring Orbiter status as it undergoes testing and maintenance at John F. Kennedy Space Center
during preparations for the next flight. Hammond also served as the lead astronaut supporting the Shuttle Avionics Integration Laboratory
(SAIL) which tests and verifies the flight software
for each Shuttle mission. Hammond was the lead astronaut supporting Orbiter software development and changes, including the Global Positioning System
(GPS) avionics upgrade. He also worked on designing new cockpit
flight instruments/systems displays for the Multifunctional Electronic Display System (MEDS), a major cockpit upgrade to electronic display systems. A veteran of two space flights, Hammond has logged over 462 hours in space. He flew on STS-39
in 1991, and STS-64
Colonel Hammond flew as pilot of Discovery on STS-39, the first unclassified Department of Defense mission (April 28 to May 6 1991). He logged 199 hours and 23 minutes of space flight. The seven-man crew performed numerous scientific experiments to collect data on atmospheric infrared and ultraviolet phenomena including a deploy and rendezvous in support of the Strategic Defense Initiative Office (SDIO).
Recently, he was the pilot on STS-64 aboard the Discovery. Mission highlights included: first use of lasers for environmental research; deployment and retrieval of a solar science satellite; robotic processing of semiconductors; use of RMS boom for jet thruster research; first untethered spacewalk in 10 years to test a self-rescue jetpack. Mission duration was 10 days, 22 hours, 51 minutes.
Following STS-64, Hammond completed 5 months of intensive Russian language training as preparation for assignment as the Deputy for Operations, Russia. That assignment was subsequently changed to NASA Liaison to USAF HQ/AFSPC, Colorado Springs, where he worked several issues to strengthen ties between NASA, AFSPC, and USAF Astronauts. Hammond was also assigned as Lead Ascent/Entry CAPCOM for missions STS-73 through STS-78. During the same period, Hammond served as the Branch Chief of the Flight Support Branch, supervising CAPCOM and ASP activities. Hammond is currently assigned as the Branch Chief of the Astronaut Office Safety Branch where he monitors all T-38, Shuttle, and Space Station safety issues.
Now Hammond resides in Southern California working for Gulfstream. Gulfstream has Hammond presently as a test pilot for the production of private aircraft. Among hobbies are golf and tennis. His son Michael, born in 1987, resides in Texas as a student at the University of Houston.