Livia Toth

Steeplechase (athletics)

The steeplechase is an obstacle race in athletics, which derives its name from the steeplechase in horse racing.

Rules

The length of the race is usually 3000 meters. The number of laps depends on whether the water jump is located to the inside of lane one or to the outside of lane eight or nine. Each runner encounters a total of 28 barriers over the course of the race, as well as 7 water jumps. According to IAAF rules, barrier height is 914 mm (36 in) for men and 762 mm (30 in) for women. Unlike those used in hurdling, steeplechase barriers do not fall over if hit; some runners actually step on top of them (which is legal). Four barriers are spaced around the track on level ground, and a fifth barrier at the top of the second turn (fourth barrier in a complete lap from the finish line) is the water jump, which consists of a barrier followed by a pit of water which is 3.66 m (12 ft) long and slopes upward from 700 mm (27.6 in) deep at the barrier end to even with the surface of the track. This slope rewards runners with more hurdling ability, because a longer jump results in a shallower landing in the water.

History

The event originated in the British Isles. Runners raced from one town's steeple to the next. The steeples were used as markers due to their visibility over long distances. Along the way runners inevitably had to jump creeks and low stone walls separating estates. The modern athletics event originates from a two-mile cross country steeplechase that formed part of the Oxford University sports (in which many of the modern athletics events were founded) in 1860. It was replaced in 1865 by an event over barriers on a flat field, which became the modern steeplechase. It has been an Olympic event since the inception of the modern Olympics, though with varying lengths. Since the 1968 Summer Olympics the steeplechase in the Olympics has been dominated by Kenyan athletes, including a clean sweep of the medals at the 2004 Games.

The steeplechase for women (3,000 meters long, but with lower barriers than for the men) made its first major championship appearance at the 2005 World Championships in Helsinki. In 2008, Women's 3,000 meters steeplechase appears the first time on the Olympic tracks in Beijing (see Athletics at the 2008 Summer Olympics - Women's 3000 metre steeplechase).a

World record progression

The official world record in the 3000-meter steeplechase for men is held by Saif Saaeed Shaheen of Qatar (formerly Stephen Cherono of Kenya) at 7:53.63 and was set on September 3, 2004 during the Memorial van Damme in Brussels. On August 16, 2002 Brahim Boulami of Morocco ran 7:53.17 but this has not been ratified by the IAAF, as Boulami was banned for two years in 2003 after testing positive for EPO.

The first person to run the steeplechase in under eight minutes was Moses Kiptanui of Kenya, who ran it in 7:59.18 on August 16, 1995 in Zürich, Switzerland.

The official world record in the 3000 m steeplechase for women is held by Gulnara Galkina-Samitova of Russia at 8:58.81 and was set at the 2008 Olympics.

Men (manual timing)

TIME ATHLETE VENUE DATE
8:49.6 Bern 1954-08-28
8:47.8 Helsinki 1955-07-01
8:45.4 Oslo 1955-07-15
8:45.4 Moscow 1955-08-18
8:41.2 Brno 1955-08-31
8:40.2 Budapest 1955-09-11
8:39.8 Moscow 1956-08-14
8:35.6 Budapest 1956-09-16
8:35.5 Tallinn 1958-07-21
8:32.0 Warsaw 1958-08-02
8:31.4 Tula 1960-06-26
8:31.2 Kiev 1961-05-28
8:30.4 Wałcz 1961-06-26
8:29.6 Leuven 1963-09-07
8:26.4 Leuven 1965-08-07
8:24.2 Stockholm 1968-07-17
8:22.2 Kiev 1969-08-19
8:22.0 Berlin 1970-07-04
8:20.8 Helsinki 1972-09-14
8:20.8 Lagos 1973-01-15
8:19.1 Helsinki 1973-06-19
8:10.4 Oslo 1975-06-25
8:09.8 Stockholm 1975-07-01
8:08.2 Montreal 1976-07-28
8:05.4 Oslo 1978-05-13

Men (electronic timing)

TIME ATHLETE VENUE DATE
8:05.35 Stockholm 1989-07-03
8:02.08 Zürich 1992-08-19
7:59.18 Zürich 1995-08-16
7:59.08 Zürich 1997-08-13
7:55.72 Cologne 1997-08-24
7:55.28 Brussels 2001-08-24
7:53.63 Brussels 2004-09-03

Women (electronic timing)

TIME ATHLETE VENUE DATE
10:34.5 Walnut 1996-04-20
10:30.2 Los Angeles 1996-05-17
10:23.47 Atlanta 1996-06-23
10:19.6 Walnut 1998-04-18
9:55.28 Bucharest 1998-06-21
9:48.88 Tula 1999-07-31
9:43.64 Bucharest 2000-08-07
9:40.20 Reims 2000-08-30
9:22.29 Milan 2002-06-05
9:21.72 Ostrava 2002-06-12
9:16.51 Gdańsk 2002-07-27
9:08.33 Tula 2003-08-10
9:01.59 Iraklio 2004-07-04
8:58.81 Beijing 2008-08-17

European record progression

TIME ATHLETE VENUE DATE
8:49.6 Bern 1954-08-28
8:47.8 Helsinki 1955-07-01
8:45.4 Oslo 1955-07-15
8:45.4 Moscow 1955-08-18
8:41.2 Brno 1955-08-31
8:40.2 Budapest 1955-09-11
8:39.8 Moscow 1956-08-14
8:35.6 Budapest 1956-09-16
8:35.5 Tallinn 1958-08-02
8:32.0 Warsaw 1958-08-02
8:31.4 Tula 1960-06-26
8:31.2 Kiev 1961-05-28
8:30.4 Wałcz 1961-06-26
8:29.6 Leuven 1963-09-07
8:26.4 Leuven 1965-08-07
8:24.2 Stockholm 1968-07-17
8:22.2 Kiev 1969-08-19
8:22.2 Warsaw 1972-08-10
8:20.8 Helsinki 1972-09-14
8:18.4 Stockholm 1973-07-03
8:18.4 Helsinki 1974-06-26
8:15.2 Stockholm 1974-07-02
8:14.2 Helsinki 1974-08-01
8:10.4 Oslo 1975-06-25
8:09.8 Stockholm 1975-07-01
8:08.2 Montreal 1976-07-28
8:07.62 Brussels 1984-08-24
8:06.91 Monaco 2002-07-19
8:06.91 Paris 2003-07-04
8:04.95 Brussels 2005-08-26

Best year performance

Men's seasons best (outdoor)

YEAR TIME ATHLETE PLACE
1968 8:22.2 Kiev
1969 8:24.2 Stockholm
1970 8:21.98 Berlin
1971 8:24.0 Adelaide
1972 8:20.8 Helsinki
1973 8:13.91 Helsinki
1974 8:14.2 Helsinki
1975 8:09.70 Stockholm
1976 8:08.02 Montréal
1977 8:14.05 Stockholm
1978 8:05.4 Seattle
1979 8:17.92 Champaign
1980 8:09.70 Moscow
1981 8:12.13 Zagreb
1982 8:16.17 Koblenz
1983 8:12.37 Berlin
1984 8:07.62 Brussels
1985 8:09.17 Koblenz
1986 8:10.01 Brussels
1987 8:08.57 Rome
1988 8:05.51 Seoul
1989 8:05.35 Stockholm
1990 8:10.95 Hengelo
1991 8:06.46 Brussels
1992 8:02.08 Zürich
1993 8:06.36 Stuttgart
1994 8:08.80 Zürich
1995 7:59.18 Zürich
1996 8:05.68 Milan
1997 7:55.72 Cologne
1998 8:00.67 Monaco
1999 7:58.98 Monaco
2000 8:02.76 Monaco
2001 7:55.28 Brussels
2002 7:58.09 Monaco
2003 7:57.38 Monaco
2004 7:53.63 Brussels
2005 7:55.51 Brussels
2006 7:56.32 Athens
2007 7:58.80 Brussels
2008 8:00.57 Heusden-Zolder

Women's seasons best (outdoor)

YEAR TIME ATHLETE PLACE
1996 10:23.47 Atlanta, Georgia
1997 10:30.90 Indianapolis
1998 9:55.28 Bucharest
1999 9:48.88 Tula
2000 9:48.88 Reims
2001 9:44.36 Poznań
2002 9:16.51 Gdánsk
2003 9:08.33 Tula
2004 9:01.59 Iraklio
2005 9:15.04 Athens
2006 9:17.15 Athens
2007 9:06.57 Osaka
2008 8:58.81 Beijing

National records

NATION TIME ATHLETE VENUE DATE
7:53.63 Saif Saaeed Shaheen Brussels 2004-09-03
7:55.28 Brahim Boulami Brussels 2001-08-24
7:55.72 Bernard Barmasai Cologne 1997-08-24
8:04.95 Simon Vroemen Brussels 2005-08-26
8:05.75 Mustafa Mohamed Heusden 2007-07-28
8:06.91 Bouabdellah Tahri Paris 2003-07-04
8:07.12 Tareq Mubarak Taher Heusden 2007-07-28
8:07.44 Luis Miguel Martín Brussels 2002-08-30
8:07.96 Mark Rowland Seoul 1988-09-30
8:08.26 Saad Shadad Al-Asmari Stockholm 1995-08-27
8:08.57 Francesco Panetta Rome 1989-09-05
8:08.82 Daniel Lincoln Rome 2006-07-14
8:09.11 Bronislaw Malinowski Montreal 1976-07-28
8:09.48 Damian Kallabis Zürich 1999-08-11
8:10.01 William Van Dijck Brussels 1986-09-05
8:10.23 Laid Bessou Monaco 2000-08-18
8:10.46 Sun Ripeng Shanghai 1997-10-19
8:10.83 Günther Weidlinger Sevilla 1999-08-21
8:12.05 Jim Svenøy Brussels 1997-08-22
8:12.58 Filbert Bayi Moskva 1980-07-31
8:12.58 Graeme Fell Koblenz 1985-08-28
8:12.60 Tapio Kantanen Montreal 1976-07-28
8:13.26 Florin Ionescu Sevilla 1999-08-21
8:13.47 Yakob Jarso Beijing 2008-08-18
8:14.05 Peter Renner Koblenz 1984-08-29
8:14.29 Benjamin Kiplagat Hengelo 2008-05-24
8:14.41 Wander Moura Mar del Plata 1995-03-22
8:15.06 Fethi Baccouche Helsinki 1987-07-02
8:15.54 Pavel Potapovich Paris 2003-07-04
8:16.22 Shaun Creighton Villeneuve d'Ascq 1993-07-02
8:16.96 Boštjan Buč Ostrava 2003-06-12
8:17.97 Gábor Markó Potsdam 1984-07-21
8:18.43 Halil Akkaş Izmir 2007-05-22
8:18.93 Yoshitaka Iwamizu Saint-Denis 2003-08-23
8:18.97 Ion Luchianov Beijing 2008-08-16
8:19.00 Whaddon Niewoudt Stellenbosch 1992-05-08
8:19.82 Manuel Silva Stockholm 2004-07-27
8:24.01 Filippos Filippou Dar-el-Beida 1983-09-15
8:22.24 Christian Belz Hengelo 2001-06-04
8:22.9 Flemming Jensen Eugene 1983-04-30
8:23.8 Dusan Moravcik Praha 1972-09-17
8:24.09 Brendan Quinn Bruxelles 1985-08-30
8:24.14 Itai Maggidi Longeville-lès-Metz 2008-07-04
8:24.66 Angel Rodriguez Göteborg 1995-08-07

Women

Updated 2008-10-03

NATION TIME ATHLETE VENUE DATE
8:58.81 Gulnara Galkina Beijing 2008-08-17
9:07.41 Eunice Jepkorir Beijing 2000-08-17
9:15.04 Dorcus Inzikuru Athinai 2005-06-14
9:16.51 Alesya Turova Gdańsk 2002-07-27
9:16.85 Cristina Casandra Beijing 2008-08-17
9:17.15 Wioletta Janowska Athinai 2006-07-03
9:17.85 Zemzem Ahmed Beijing 2008-08-17
9:18.35 Donna MacFarlane Oslo 2008-06-06
9:21.76 Marta Domínguez Barcelona 2008-07-19
9:22.26 Jenny Barringer Beijing 2008-08-17
9:25.50 Habiba Ghribi Beijing 2008-08-15
9:25.51 Hanane Ouhaddou Heusden-Zolder 2007-07-28
9:26.25 Liu Nian Wuhan 2007-11-02
9:27.21 Mardrea Hyman Monaco 2008-09-09
9:27.51 Sophie Duarte Osaka 2007-08-27
9:27.48 Elena Romagnolo Beijing 2008-08-15
9:28.29 Roisin McGettigan Heusden-Zolder 2007-07-28
9:28.47 Veerle Dejaeghere Neerpelt 2007-06-02
9:29.14 Helen Clitheroe Beijing 2008-08-15
9:29.86 Antje Moldener Beijing 2008-08-15
9:30.20 Lívia Tóth Monaco 2005-09-09
9:30.21 Rasa Troup Beijing 2008-08-15
9:32.54 Kate McIllroy Heusden-Zolder 2006-07-22
9:33.19 Karoline Bjerkeli Grøvdal Neerpelt 2007-06-02
9:36.72 Iríni Kokkinaríou Athinai 2008-06-14
9:38.31 Fatiha Bahi Azzouhoum Athinai 2005-06-14
9:38.55 Christin Johansson Heusden-Zolder 2007-07-28
9:38.68 Minori Hayakari Heusden-Zolder 2007-07-28
9:39.20 Inês Monteiro Athinai 2005-06-14
9:40.28 Johanna Lehtinen Athinai 2006-07-03
9:41.14 Natalya Tobias Kiev 2007-08-04
9:42.01 Michaela Mannová Bydgoszcz 2003-07-19
9:42.08 Dobrinka Shalamanova Milano 2007-06-24
9:45.87 Miranda Boonstra Göteborg 2006-08-10
9:46.12 Türkan Erismis Bangkok 2007-08-12
9:46.52 Zenaide Viera Neerpelt 2007-06-02
9:48.87 Andrea Mayr Regensburg 2007-06-09
9:51.16 Carol Henry Baton Rouge 2002-06-01
9:51.56 Inna Poluškina Ventspils 2008-06-14
9:52.98 Letiwe Marakurwa Sacramento 2003-06-13
9:53.65 Daniela Kuleska Odessa 2001-06-06
9:55.11 Tebogo Masehla El Djezair 2007-07-20
9:55.43 Talis Apud Rio de Janeiro 2007-07-28
9:59.04 Oksana Juraval Zenica 2007-06-23

Top 25 performers

(Updated October 3, 2008.)

Pos Time Athlete Venue Date
1. 8:58.81 Beijing August 17, 2008
2. 9:06.57 Osaka August 27, 2007
3. 9:07.41 Beijing August 17, 2008
4. 9:09.19 Osaka August 27, 2007
5. 9:15.04 Athinai June 14, 2005
6. 9:16.51 Gdańsk July 27, 2002
7. 9:16.85 Beijing August 17, 2008
8. 9:17.15 Athinai July 3, 2006
9. 9:17.35 Beijing August 17, 2008
10. 9:17.85 Beijing August 17, 2008
11. 9:18.35 Oslo June 6, 2008
12. 9:20.23 Huelva June 13, 2008
13. 9:21.76 Barcelona July 19, 2008
14. 9:21.94 Athinai July 3, 2006
15. 9:22.26 Beijing August 17, 2008
16. 9:22.29 Milano June 5, 2002
17. 9:22.50 Huelva June 13, 2008
18. 9:22.76 Heusden-Zolder July 20, 2008
19. 9:23.35 Rieti August 26, 2006
20. 9:24.04 Kazan July 18, 2008
21. 9:24.29 Melbourne March 22, 2006
22. 9:25.50 Beijing August 15, 2008
23. 9:25.51 Heusden-Zolder July 28, 2007
24. 9:26.07 Rieti August 26, 2006
25. 9:26.23 Heusden-Zolder July 28, 2007

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