(Литературная гарнитура or simply Литературная) is a serif typeface
, created in the USSR
. Designed at Poligraphmash (Полиграфмаш) at the end of the 1930s by Anatolii Shchukin
(Анатолий Васильевич Щукин), the font was based on Hermann Berthold's Latinskaya
, 1901), a version of Lateinisch
for Russia, also developed at the Berthold foundry (Berlin
, 1899). The digital
version of Literaturnaya was developed at ParaGraph (ПараГраф) foundry in 1996 by Lyubov Kuznetsova
. Also, there was an unofficial digital version, created in 1992 by an unknown author (sometimes credited as !22! Soft).
Use and popularity
Literaturnaya was mostly used in USSR, Bulgaria
and other socialistic
countries from its creation in the late 1930s to the early 1990s. (the last examples of prints, set in it date back to 1995) and was standard Cyrillic typeface during this period of time. It was called The favourite font of Russian typographers
. Most of the 1950–1990 books were set in Literaturnaya typeface. It was also used in some magazines, newspapers, brochures, written advertisements and the so-called journals. After the split of the Soviet Union, the font was replaced with the more popular Times New Roman
. As of 2006, Literaturnaya is rarely (almost never) used, although there are some indications, that its popularity is increasing among Russians.