Literature review

Literature review

A literature review is a body of text that aims to review the critical points of current knowledge on a particular topic.

Most often associated with science-oriented literature, such as a thesis, the literature review usually precedes a research proposal, methodology and results section. Its ultimate goal is to bring the reader up to date with current literature on a topic and forms the basis for another goal, such as the justification for future research in the area.

A good literature review is characterized by: a logical flow of ideas; current and relevant references with consistent, appropriate referencing style; proper use of terminology; and an unbiased and comprehensive view of the previous research on the topic. It helps with all types of assignments as well.

According to Cooper (1988) "a literature review uses as its database reports of primary or original scholarship, and does not report new primary scholarship itself. The primary reports used in the literature may be verbal, but in the vast majority of cases reports are written documents. The types of scholarship may be empirical, theoretical, critical/analytic, or methodological in nature. Second a literature review seeks to describe, summarize, evaluate, clarify and/or integrate the content of primary reports".

External links

Further reading

  • Cooper, H. (1998). Synthesizing Research: A Guide for Literature Reviews.
  • Cooper, H.M. (1988): The structure of knowledge synthesis - Knowledge in Society, vol. 1, pp, 104-126.
  • Dellinger, A. (2005). Validity and the Review of Literature. Research in the Schools, 12(2), 41-54.
  • Dellinger, A. B. & Leech, N. L. (2007). Toward a Unified Validation Framework in Mixed Methods Research. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, Vol. 1, No. 4, 309-332.
  • Galvan, J.L. (1999). Writing Literature Reviews.
  • Hart, C. (1998). Doing a Literature Review.

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