Depending upon local laws and regulations, town councils usually self-organize and elect a leader to set the agenda of their governing body. This leader may be granted a title such as chairman, mayor, or president.
Any parish or community can decide to describe itself as a town. The chairman of a town council is usually called a Town Mayor, the alternative (Chairman) is very rarely found. The term 'Town Mayor' is used as opposed to simply 'Mayor', which means the mayor of a borough or a city. However, this is often abbreviated simply to Mayor, especially where the Town was historically a borough or city, such as Lewes or Ely. In Scotland, the term 'Provost' is commonly used to designate the leader of the Town Council.
Historically the term 'Town Council' was used for the governing body of a municipal borough.
The term 'Town Council' in England and Wales, is today used only for a parish council which has named itself as a town council. If another type of local authority such as a district authority covers a single town (such as Corby or Cheltenham) then the council would usually be called a 'Borough Council', although borough status is conferred at the discretion of the monarch.
Unlike some states, Indiana councilmembers must declare a political party affiliation, if any, when they file to run for office. Upon election in November, they are sworn in before January 1 of the following year, where they serve a four year term. There are no state term limits affecting how many times a candidate may run for reelection to office.
The first meeting after an election, members of the town council hold an organizing meeting, where they elect a president to set future agendas and act as an official spokesman for the town or as liaison between the town and state and county government.
Indiana town councils work in conjunction with an elected town clerk, who manages the day-to-day business of the municipal government. As an elected official, the town clerk is solely executive in function and operates independently of the town council. But the council has final say on budgets which clerks depend upon to operate.
In addition to a clerk, the council can authorize the hiring of other staff to run the operations of government, including law enforcement officers, utility workers, park and recreation employees and town managers. These employees serve at the pleasure of the council.
The Official Ballot Town Council is a variant form of the Town Council. In the Official Ballot form of government, the town council is vested with the limited authority to vote on all matters not voted on by official ballot. The authority and restrictions on the Official Ballot town council is the same as the Town Council, except with respect to those matters specified to be voted on by official ballot. Also, the council decides what is placed on the ballot, not the registered voters.
The charter of the Official Ballot Town Council is required by law to specify specifically:
The charter also must specify whether a 2/3 or 3/5 majority vote is required to approve bonds or notes, with the default being 2/3.
FF to head councils after pacts agreed with SF ; Cross-party support helps Fianna Fil candidates take control of council chairmanships
Jun 23, 2004; Fianna Fil is to take over the chairmanships of Kerry County Council and Listowel Town Council following pacts made with Sinn...