is a region in southern Germany
in the state of Baden-Württemberg
north of Lake Constance
and south of the Danube
valley. It is bounded by Lake Constance on the south, the Hegau
on the west, the Danube valley on the north, and the Schussen River
on the east.
It reaches east as far as Überlingen and north as far as Pfullendorf.
The name derives from a Celtic name Lentia
for what is now known as the Linzer Aach
The best-known remains of prehistoric human habitation in the region are the neolithic
and bronze age pile dwellings
on the shores of Lake Constance, of which some examples are reconstructed at Unteruhldingen
. Similar neolithic
structures have also been found in a peat bog near Ruhestetten in the muncipality of Wald
From the late Hallstatt culture on, the population can be regarded as Celts. Burial mounds have been discovered at Hödingen, Salem, and Stetten.
From the first century BC to the third century AD, the area was part of the Roman Empire
. Roman settlements existed at Bambergen
, and Mettenbuch in the municipality of Ostrach
After the Roman withdrawal beyond the Rhine, Germanic tribes settled in the area. The original Celtic name of the stream gave its name to an Alamannic tribe, the Lentienses mentioned in the fourth century AD by the Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus.
In the sixth century, as all of the Alemannic territory the Linzgau was conquered by the Franks
. Starting in 917
, it belonged to the duchy of Swabia
. In 1135
, the counts of Heiligenberg
received the county of Linzgau. From them, it passed to the Count of Werdenberg
, and later to the Count of Fürstenberg
. The area was then mostly called the County of Heiligenberg
In the eary 19th century, under the rule of Napoleon, the Linzgau was assigned to the Grand Duchy of Baden
, so the name became synonymous with the district of Überlingen. Today, the area encompasses the districts of Bodensee
Today, the only official use for the term Linzgau
is the Catholic deanery
. However, it is regaining popularity, as shown by the naming of the new shopping center in Pfullendorf the Linzgau-Center
or the slogan of Markdorf
: Heart of the Linzgau
The regional tourist association also calls itself Bodensee-Linzgau Tourismus e.V.
The southern part of the Linzgau lies on the banks of Lake Constance and has a milder climate, which lends itself to fruit orchards and vineyards. The landscape is rolling, but fairly flat, with occasional drumlins
caused by deposits from the retreating Rhine glacier
in the last ice age
The northern part (or upper Linzgau) has a more rugged climate and rises to as high as 833 m. It is characterized by glacial moraines, with occasional swamps and small lakes, especially in the northeast. Agriculture is largely dedicated to grain.
Most of the Linzgau is still rural, with the most heavily populated areas along the shores of Lake Constance. The largest cities are Überlingen, Pfullendorf, and Markdorf.
The national highways 31 and 33, which run from east to west along Lake Constance are the only major highways through the region.
A car ferry runs from Meersburg across the arm of Lake Constance called the Überlinger See to connect with Constance.
Based on the article in the German Wikipedia.