Lilongwe, city (1994 est. pop. 395,500), S central Malawi, in a fertile agricultural area. The capital of Malawi since 1975, it is an administrative and commercial center. The city was founded in 1947 as an agricultural marketing center. Largely a planned city, government programs in the 1970s and 80s expanded the city's transportation facilities (which included the construction of an international airport and rail connections to neighboring cities) and its agricultural potential. An agricultural college is in Lilongwe.