See his journals (5 vol., 1964-71); biography by W. Whitman (1948).
In the meantime, according to the terms of the peace treaty that ended the Thirty Years' War (The Peace of Westphalia), the land between the Weser River and the Elbe now belonged to Sweden. Queen Christina sent one of her commanders over, Graf Friedrich von Hessen-Eschwege, to the newly created sovereign state of Osterholz, in which the charge of both Lilienthal and Osterholz were combined. After his early death in 1655, his wife Eleonora took over the government of the state, with her seat in Osterholz, where she took an active role in the improvement of economic and sanitary conditions for the rural population. After her death in 1692, the lands fell back into the hands of the Swedish Royalty. Lilienthal remained a part of Sweden until 1712 (which is why the coat of arms contains the blue and yellow of the Swedish Flag), at which time it belonged to Denmark, and then in 1719 it fell under the sovereignty of the Kingdom of Hanover.
In 1740, the monastery was destroyed.
In 1782, Johann Hieronymus Schröter became chief magistrate. In addition to this administrative office, he also played a large part in the advancement of astronomy during his lifetime. On the grounds of his office in Lilienthal, he constructed an observatory. In the following years, the Lilienthal Observatory would become the best equipped observatory in the world. One of its technological advances was the "Riesenteleskop" (giant telescope), a telescope with a 50cm aperture and an 8.25 m focal length. Due to the telescope, Lilienthal became well-known and was sought out in matters of astronomy by government and military officials. Schröter remained in contact with many of the important astronomers of the time. Together with Wilhelm Olbers and other scholars, he founded the Astronomy Association in Lilienthal in 1800. After Schröter's death in 1816, the observatory fell into disrepair. In 1850 the remaining structure was destroyed. A large part of the observatory was sent to the University of Göttingen before the demolition.
The Befreiungskrieg (a series of battles fought between 1813 and 1815 that ended the Napoleonic Wars) hit Lilienthal hard. After an incident during a retreat, French troops set the entire town on fire. Only the church, a few houses, and the observatory escaped the flames.
After the reconstruction, the then-municipality grew steadily. In 1939 there were 3,100 inhabitants, in 1974 12,500. After the incorporation of a neighbouring town in the same year, the population grew to 17,000.
Re-energized by long run for fun, woman has eyes on Beijing berth; A marathon brought Michelle Lilienthal back to competitive running after she gave it up a few years ago.(SPORTS)
Apr 20, 2008; Byline: RACHEL BLOUNT; STAFF WRITER As many of her peers prepared to increase the pace of their running lives, Michelle...