(other names: l-desoxyephedrine, l-methamphetamine, levmetamfetamine ) is the l- stereoisomer
, a sympathomimetic vasoconstrictor
which is the active ingredient used in some over-the-counter nasal decongestants
. The common brand-name for levmetamfetamine in the U.S.
is the Vicks Inhaler
. In the U.S., the name was converted to levmetamfetamine from levo-methamphetamine to lower the risk of abuse of the decongestant preparation and to lessen the stigma commonly associated with methamphetamine.
Levomethamphetamine affects the sympathetic nervous system
but is not thought to be nearly as addictive or centrally
active as the d- isomer
of methamphetamine (dextro-methamphetamine, d-methamphetamine, d-desoxyephedrine, etc.) and only exerts vasoconstricting
effects used for decongestion.
Common side effects include muscle tremor
and stomach cramps
. Other side effects include hypertension
Although levo-methamphetamine is only very mildly centrally
active (unlike dextro-methamphetamine
, which acts mainly on the central nervous system), recreational drug users
may abuse the inhaler preparation by cracking open the inhaler and then swallowing the cotton inside (as the cotton is soaked in levo-methamphetamine.) This reputedly gives the user a very mild "speedy" effect with a mild energy boost, similar to that of ephedrine
. However, particularly if a solution is made with the cotton in an acidic solution, the initial effects last for less than two hours, with minimal and transient mood lift and stimulation. Sometimes uncomfortable and unpleasant feelings can arise by ingesting the cotton, since the cotton is also soaked in menthol
. Both menthol
are analgesics and camphor is possibly lethal at high doses. A similar common practice in the early to mid 1950's took place, where people would break open Benzedrine
inhalers, which contained freebase amphetamine
, and then either swallow the cotton or let it steep in a cup of tea or coffee. Swallowing was referred to as "popping bennies".