One of the essential amino acids, present in most common proteins and particularly abundant in hemoglobin. One of the first amino acids discovered (1819), it is used in biochemical research and as a nutritional supplement.
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Leucine (abbreviated as Leu or L) is an α-amino acid with the chemical formula HO2CCH(NH2)CH2CH(CH3)2. It is an essential amino acid, which means that humans cannot synthesise it. Its codons are UUA, UUG, CUU, CUC, CUA, and CUG. With a hydrocarbon side chain, leucine is classified as a hydrophobic amino acid.
Leucine and [alpha]-Ketoisocaproic Acid, but Not Norleucine, Stimulate Skeletal Muscle Protein Synthesis in Neonatal Pigs1-3
Aug 01, 2010; Abstract The branched-chain amino acid, Leucine, acts as a nutrient signal to stimulate protein synthesis in skeletal...