Les 80

The Vichy 80

The Vichy 80 refers to a minority group of French elected parliamentarians who, on July 10, 1940, voted against the constitutional change that dissolved the Third Republic and established the Nazi Germany puppet state of Vichy France.

Nazi Germany invaded France on May 14, 1940, and Paris fell a month later. Prime Minister Paul Reynaud resigned rather than seek armistice terms; President Albert Lebrun appointed Marshal Philippe Pétain as his replacement. France capitulated June 22, 1940; under the armistice terms, France was partitioned, with the northern region occupied by Germany, and the remainder (with its capital at Vichy) ostensibly governed by the French government under Pétain.

Pétain began a revision of the constitution of the Third Republic. This process was completed with a vote of the combined houses of the parliament on July 10, 1940 on a fr:Loi constitutionnelle du 10 juillet 1940 that created the new regime of Vichy France. The 80 deputies and senators who opposed the change are referred to as the Vichy 80 (French: "les 80" or "les quatre-vingts") and are now famous for opposing this decision.

Additionally, 27 deputies and senators did not take part in the vote. They had fled Metropolitan France on June 21 from Bordeaux to Algiers on board the ship Massilia and are referred to as Massilia absentees. They were considered traitors by the Vichy France regime. The Pétain government always ruled under this act and never finalized a constitution until the end of the war, insisting that it would have to be signed in Paris, once France was liberated. On January 30, 1944, a draft constitution was signed but remained without effect. After the overthrow of Pétain, the Free French Forces contested the legality of the Vichy regime and they voided most of its acts. More recently though, there has been a recognition of the responsibility of the French state for the crimes committed under Vichy France.

Vote tally

Deputies Senators Total
Total 544 302 846
Voting 414 235 649
For 357 212 569
Against 57 23 80
Voluntary abstaining 12 8 20
Massilia absentees 26 1 27
Other abstaining 92 57 149
Not voting 1 1

Detailed list of the 80

Name House Département Parliamentary group
Marcel Astier Senate Ardèche Radical-Socialist
Jean-Fernand Audeguil Chamber of Deputies Gironde SFIO
Vincent Auriol Chamber of Deputies Haute-Garonne SFIO
Alexandre Bachelet Senate Seine SFIO
Vincent Badie Chamber of Deputies Hérault Radical-Socialist
Camille Bedin Chamber of Deputies Dordogne SFIO
Emile Bender Senate Rhône Radical-Socialist
Jean Biondi Chamber of Deputies Oise SFIO
Léon Blum Chamber of Deputies Aude SFIO
Laurent Bonnevay Chamber of Deputies Rhône Independent Radical
Paul Boulet Chamber of Deputies Hérault Independent Left
Georges Bruguier Senate Gard SFIO
Séraphin Buisset Chamber of Deputies Isère SFIO
Gaston Cabannes Chamber of Deputies Gironde SFIO
François Camel Chamber of Deputies Ariège SFIO
Pierre de Chambrun Senate Lozère Unregistered
Auguste Champetier de Ribes Senate Basses-Pyrénées Unregistered
Pierre Chaumié Senate Lot-et-Garonne Radical-Socialist
Arthur Chaussy Chamber of Deputies Seine-et-Marne SFIO
Joseph Collomp Chamber of Deputies Var SFIO
Octave Crutel Chamber of Deputies Seine-Inférieure Radical-Socialist
Achille Daroux Chamber of Deputies Vendée Radical-Socialist
Maurice Delom-Sorbé Chamber of Deputies Basses-Pyrénées Independent Left
Joseph Depierre Senate Rhône SFIO
Marx Dormoy Senate Allier SFIO
Alfred Elmiger Chamber of Deputies Rhône Independent Left
Paul Fleurot Senate Seine Radical-Socialist
Émile Fouchard Chamber of Deputies Seine-et-Marne Union populaire française
Edouard Froment Chamber of Deputies Ardêche SFIO
Paul Giaccobi Senate Corse Radical-Socialist
Justin Godart Senate Rhône Radical-Socialist
Félix Gouin Chamber of Deputies Bouches-du-Rhône SFIO
Henri Gout Chamber of Deputies Aude Radical-Socialist
Louis Gros Senate Vaucluse SFIO
Amédée Guy Chamber of Deputies Haute-Savoie SFIO
Jean Hennessy Chamber of Deputies Alpes-Maritimes Independent Left
Lucien Hussel Chamber of Deputies Isère SFIO
André Isoré Chamber of Deputies Pas-de-Calais Radical-Socialist
Eugène Jardon Chamber of Deputies Allier Union populaire française
Jean-Alexis Jaubert Chamber of Deputies Corrèze Radical-Socialist
Claude Jordery Chamber of Deputies Rhône SFIO
François Labrousse Senate Corrèze Radical-Socialist
Albert Le Bail Chamber of Deputies Finistère Radical-Socialist
Joseph Lecacheux Chamber of Deputies Manche Independent Radical
Victor Le Gorgeu Senate Finistère Radical-Socialist
Justin Luquot Chamber of Deputies Gironde SFIO
Augustin Malroux Chamber of Deputies Tarn SFIO
Gaston Manent Chamber of Deputies Hautes-Pyrénées Radical-Socialist
Alfred Margaine Chamber of Deputies Marne Radical-Socialist
Léon Martin Chamber of Deputies Isère SFIO
Robert Mauger Chamber of Deputies Loir-et-Cher SFIO
Jean Mendiondou Chamber of Deputies Basses-Pyrénées Radical-Socialist
Jules Moch Chamber of Deputies Hérault SFIO
Maurice Montel Chamber of Deputies Cantal Independent Left
Léonel de Moustier Chamber of Deputies Doubs Républicain indépendant
Marius Moutet Chamber of Deputies Drôme SFIO
René Nicod Chamber of Deputies Ain Union populaire française
Louis Noguères Chamber of Deputies Pyrénées-Orientales SFIO
Jean Odin Senate Gironde Radical-Socialist
Joseph Paul-Boncour Senate Loir-et-Cher Radical-Socialist
Jean Perrot Chamber of Deputies Finistère Radical-Socialist
Georges Pézières Senate Pyrénées-Orientales SFIO
André Philip Chamber of Deputies Rhône SFIO
Marcel Plaisant Senate Cher Radical-Socialist
François Tanguy-Prigent Chamber of Deputies Finistère SFIO
Paul Ramadier Chamber of Deputies Aveyron Unregistered
Joseph-Paul Rambaud Senate Ariège Radical-Socialist
René Renout Senate Var Radical-Socialist
Léon Roche Chamber of Deputies Haute-Vienne SFIO
Camille Rolland Senate Rhône Radical-Socialist
Jean-Louis Rolland Chamber of Deputies Finistère SFIO
Joseph Rous Chamber of Deputies Pyrénées-Orientales SFIO
Jean-Emmanuel Roy Chamber of Deputies Gironde Radical-Socialist
Henry Sénès Senate Var SFIO
Philippe Serre Chamber of Deputies Meurthe-et-Moselle Independent Left
Paul Simon Chamber of Deputies Finistère Démocrate populaire
Gaston Thiébaut Chamber of Deputies Meuse Radical-Socialist
Isidore Thivrier Chamber of Deputies Allier SFIO
Pierre Trémintin Chamber of Deputies Finistère Démocrate populaire
Michel Zunino Chamber of Deputies Var SFIO


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