Lepontine Alps

Lepontine Alps

The Lepontine Alps are a mountain range in the central part of the Alps. They are located in Switzerland (Valais, Ticino and Graubünden) and Italy (Piedmont). The Furka Pass, St Gotthard Pass and the upper Rhône valley separate them from the Bernese Alps; the upper Rhône valley separates them from the Urner Alps; the Simplon Pass separates them from the Pennine Alps; the Vorderrhein valley and the Oberalp Pass separate them from the Glarus Alps; the Splügen Pass separates them from the Central Eastern Alps (Oberhalbstein Range).

The Lepontine Alps are drained by the rivers Rhône in the west, Reuss in the north, Rhine (Vorderrhein and Hinterrhein) in the east and Ticino and Toce in the south.

The Simplon rail tunnel, which leads from Brig to Domodossola, the St Gotthard rail and highway tunnels (from Andermatt to Airolo) and the San Bernardino Tunnel are important transport arteries.

The eastern portion of the Lepontine Alps, from the St Gotthard Pass to the Splügen Pass, is sometimes named the Adula Alps.

List of peaks

The chief peaks of the Lepontine Alps are:

m ft

Monte Leone 3,56111,684
Rheinwaldhorn 3,402 11,149
Güferhorn 3,393 11,132
Blinnenhorn 3,384 11,103
Basodino 3,276 10,749
Pizzo Tambo 3,276 10,749
Helsenhorn 3,274 10,742
Wasenhorn 3,255 10,680
Ofenhorn 3,242 10,637
Scherbadung 3,213 10,542
Piz Medel 3,203 10,509
Scopi 3,200 10,499
Pizzo Rotondo 3,197 10,489
Piz Terri 3,151 10,331
Piz Aul 3,124 10,250
Pizzo Pesciora 3,120 10,247
Witenwasserenstock 3,084 10,119
Campo Tencia 3,075 10,089
Leckihorn 3,069 10,069
Bruschghorn 3,054 10,020
Alperschällihorn 3,045 9,991
Chilchalphorn 3,040 9,974
Piz Blas 3,023 9,918
Monte Giove 3,010 9,876
Pizzo Centrale 3,003 9,853
Pizzas d'Anarosa 3,002 9,850
Piz Beverin 2,998 9,843
Weisshorn (Splugen) 2,992 9,817
Pizzo Lucendro 2,959 9,708
Piz Tomul 2,949 9,676
Piz Cavel 2,944 9,659
Barenhorn 2,932 9,620
Six Madun (Badus) 2,932 9,619
Piz Muraun 2,899 9,512
Zervreilahorn 2,898 9,508
Monte Cistella 2,851 9,353
Piz Lukmanier 2,778 9,115
Monte Prosa 2,738 8,983
Pizzo Columbe 2,549 8,363
Camoghè 2,226 7,303
Piz Mundaun 2,065 6,775
Monte Generoso 1,704 5,591
Monte San Salvatore  916 3,004

List of passes

The chief passes of the Lepontine Alps are:

Mountain passlocationtype elevation
m ft

Zapport Pass Hinterrhein to Malvaglia and Biasca snow3,07910,103
Guferlücke Canaltal to Lentatal (near Vals, Switzerland) snow2,9809,777
Lentalücke Hinterrhein to Vals snow2,9549,692
Hohsand Pass Binn to La Frua (Toce waterfalls) snow2,9279,603
Lecki Pass Realp to Oberwald VSsnow2,9129,554
Passo Rotondo Airolo to Oberwald snow2,8809,449
Kaltwasser Pass Simplon Hospice to Alpe Veglia snow2,8449,331

Scaradra Pass Vals to Olivone foot path 2,7709,088
Satteltelücke Vals to Vrin foot path 2,7689,082
Ritter Pass Binn to Alpe Veglia snow2,6928,832
Cavanna Pass Realp to Bedretto snow2,6118,566
Scatta Minoja Devero to Formazza bridle path 2,5978,521
Bocca di CadlimoAirolo to the Lukmanier Pass foot path 2,5428,340
Valserberg Hinterrhein to Vals bridle path 2,5078,225
Safierberg Splügen to Safien bridle path 2,4908,170
Nufenen PassUlrichen to Airolo road 2,4788,130
Geisspfad Pass Binn to Devero foot path 2,4758,120
Gries Pass Ulrichen to La Frua bridle path 2,4688,098
Passo di Naret Fusio to Airolo bridle path 2,4438,015
Passo ValtendraAlpe Veglia to Devero and Baceno bridle path2,4317,976
Diesrut Pass Vrin to Somvix bridle path 2,4247,953
Albrun Pass Binn to Devero and Baceno bridle path 2,4107,907
Greina Pass Olivone to Somvix bridle path 2,3607,743
San Giacomo PassAirolo to La Frua bridle path 2,3087,573
Passo di BuffaloraMesocco to the Val Calanca foot path 2,2657,431
Passo dell'Uomo Quinto, Switzerland to the Lukmanier Pass bridle path 2,2127,258
Splügen PassThusis to Chiavenna road 2,1176,946
St Gotthard PassAndermatt to Airolo road2,1146,936
San Bernardino PassThusis to Bellinzona road 2,0636,769
Lukmanier PassDisentis to Olivone road 1,9176,289

See also


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