LSGs do not formulate concrete policies (Chinese: 政策; pinyin: zhengce), but rather issue guiding principles about the general direction in which bureaucratic activity should move (Chinese: 方针; pinyin: fangzhen). A fangzhen provides the framework for the development of zhengce. The recommendations of leading groups are likely to have considerable influence on the policymaking process because they represent the consensus of the leading members of the relevant government, party, and military agencies. In some cases, the Chinese leadership will adopt an LSG’s recommendation with little or no modification. LSGs, which have no permanent staff, rely on their offices to manage daily operations and for research and policy recommendations. Consequently, the effectiveness of an LSG often depends on the effectiveness of its office.
Most governmental agencies in the PRC have a leading small groups. Examples of important leading small groups include the Foreign Affairs Leading Small Group and the now-defunct Economics and Finance Leading Group [ An example of how a Party leading group can influence or control governmental authority can be seen in the regulations for the Ministry of Personnel . The existence of party leading groups in the PRC judicial system which are subordinate to the party center has often been cited as violation of judicial independence .
Leading small groups have become increasingly important within the PRC after the 1990s, especially in the field of foreign policy where the LSGs have become a tool for coordinating the work of several agencies as well as insuring party supervision over government activities.
Chantroom ; Rather than follow the clergy's direction,; the Taize prayer service features candlelit sanctuaries; and musicians leading small groups in melodic chants
Nov 04, 2000; A spotlight shines down on a small cross in front of the altar at St. Stephen's Episcopal Church. The rest of the sanctuary is...