Lampsacus

Lampsacus

Lampsacus, ancient Greek city of NW Asia Minor, on the Hellespont (now Dardanelles) opposite Callipolis (now Gallipoli). It was colonized in the 7th cent. B.C. by Greeks from Phocaea. Artaxerxes I assigned the city to Themistocles. After the battle of Mycale (479 B.C.) the citizens joined with the Athenians, and the city continued to flourish under the Greeks and the Romans. It was the seat of the cult of Priapus.

Ancient Greek colony on the Asian shore of the Dardanelles. It was famous for its wines and was the chief seat of the worship of Priapus. Colonized in 654 BC by Ionian Phocaea, it took part in the Ionian revolt against the Persian Achaemenian dynasty in 499 and later joined the Delian League. When Athens fell in 405, it again came under Persian control until Alexander the Great captured it in 334. It was the home of the philosopher Strato of Lampsacus.

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Lampsacus (also Lampsakos) was an ancient Greek city strategically located on the eastern side of the Hellespont in the northern Troad. The name has been transmitted in the nearby modern town of Lapseki.

History

Originally known as Pityusa or Pityussa, it was colonized from Phocaea and Miletus. During the 6th and 5th century BC, Lampsacus was successively dominated by Lydia, Persia, Athens, and Sparta; Artaxerxes I assigned it to Themistocles with the expectation that the city supply the Persian king with its famous wine. Lampsacus joined the Delian League after the battle of Mycale, and paid a tribute of twelve talents, a testimony to its wealth, and it had a gold coinage in the 3rd century BC, an activity only available to the more prosperous cities. A revolt against the Athenians in 411 BC was put down by force. In 196 BC, the Romans defended the town against Antiochus the Great, and it became an ally of Rome; Cicero (2 Verr. i. 24. 63) and Strabo (13. 1. 15) attest its continuing prosperity under Roman rule. Lampsacus was also notable for its worship of Priapus, who was said to have been born there.

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