Lamar, Mirabeau Buonaparte

Lamar, Mirabeau Buonaparte

Lamar, Mirabeau Buonaparte, 1798-1859, president of the Texas republic (1838-41), b. Warren co., Ga. He went to Texas (1835), joined the revolutionaries, and took part in the battle of San Jacinto (1836). He held a number of offices in Texas before becoming president. During his term he secured foreign recognition of Texas independence and laid the basis for the system of public education in Texas. Lamar did not favor annexation to the United States at this time and planned to make the new republic self-sufficient, but his various ventures (including filibustering expeditions to New Mexico) disarranged the republic's finances. In 1841 he was replaced by Sam Houston. Lamar later came to favor annexation, served in the Mexican War, and was U.S. minister to Nicaragua and Costa Rica (1858-59). He published a number of romantic lyrics in Verse Memorials (1857).

See biographies by H. P. Gambrell (1934) and P. Graham (1938).

(born Aug. 16, 1798, Louisville, Ga., U.S.—died Dec. 19, 1859, Richmond, Texas) U.S. politician. After an unsuccessful career as a merchant in Alabama, he served as secretary to the governor of Georgia and later became editor of a newspaper favouring states' rights. He then moved to Texas, where he became involved in the independence struggle against Mexico. As a cavalry commander, he helped win the Battle of San Jacinto (1836) and was later appointed secretary of war in the provisional Texas government. He was elected vice president of the Republic of Texas under Sam Houston, whom he succeeded as president (1838–41). He initially opposed annexation to the U.S., but after 1844 he advocated statehood to ensure the continuation of slavery.

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Lamar County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. In 2000, its population was 48,499. Its county seat is Paris. The county is named for Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar, the second president of the Republic of Texas.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 932 square miles (2,415 km²), of which, 917 square miles (2,375 km²) of it is land and 15 square miles (40 km²) of it (1.68%) is water.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 48,499 people, 19,077 households, and 13,468 families residing in the county. The population density was 53 people per square mile (20/km²). There were 21,113 housing units at an average density of 23 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 82.46% White, 13.47% Black or African American, 1.08% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.17% from other races, and 1.41% from two or more races. 3.33% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 19,077 households out of which 32.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.00% were married couples living together, 13.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.40% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.10% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 91.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,609, and the median income for a family was $38,359. Males had a median income of $30,539 versus $21,095 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,000. About 12.80% of families and 16.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.50% of those under age 18 and 14.30% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

  • Petty (unincorporated)
  • Powderly (unincorporated)
  • Reno
  • Roxton
  • Sumner (unincorporated)
  • Sun Valley
  • Toco
  • Education

    The following school districts serve Lamar County:

    In addition, Paris Junior College serves the county.

    References

    External links

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