In an academic environment, London School of Economics professor Richard Titmuss is considered to have established Social Policy (or Social Administration) as an academic area of study. Many universities offer the subject for undergraduate and postgraduate study.
In United States politics and in Canadian politics, social policies are those which regulate and govern human behavior in areas such as sexuality and general morality. Social policies are in contrast to other, more traditional forms of political policy, such as foreign policy and economic policy. Modern-day social policies may deal with the following issues:
Social policy may be influenced by religion and the religious beliefs of politicians. Political conservatives as a whole generally favor a more traditionalist approach that favors individual initiative and private enterprise in social policy. Political liberals, on the other hand favor the guarantee of equal rights and entitlements to all people and tend to favor state regulation or insurance to support this.
In Europe, social policy usually refers to policies affecting the social conditions under which people live. Important areas of social policy in these countries are:
Social policy often deals with issues which Rittle & Webber (1973) called wicked problems.
Sozialklauseln in US-Freihandelsabkommen - ein wirksames Mittel internationaler Arbeitsregulierung?**/ Social Clauses in US Free Trade Agreements - an Effective Approach to International Labour Regulation?
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