The surface of the municipality is generally rugged, rolling hills and mountainous terrain with relative small rollings and flat terrain. Mt. Cadig (736 m above sea level), Mt. Labo(943 m above sea level), Mt. Bagacay (786 m above sea level) and Mt. Nalisbitan (265 m above sea level) form the Southern Cordillera. Boundaries of Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, and Quezon provinces converge on Mt. Labo, which is the highest peak in the province. Mt. Bagacay serves as a boundary between municipalities of Paracale and Labo and it as well guards the municipality from strong north winds especially during typhoons. Mt. Labo, Mt. Bagacay, and Mt. Cadig are the three major known dormant volcanoes in the municipality. The northwest portion of the municipality is greatly affected by 2 major fault and earthquake lines accruing in the province, while other trends affect north-northwest along Mt. Cadig passing through the barangays of Guisican and Bayabas.
Labo became a royal encomienda in 1591 owned by the King of Spain due to its abundant natural resources having 2992 persons or 648 whole tributes. The villages of this encomienda were closed together including a place known as "AGUETTE" except six villages having 70 tributes which were up the river four or five leagues from the capital. One priest furnished the instruction in this encomienda, namely the canon PAZ; but he made the following visits.
In 1600, there was a period of darkness in the history of Labo when encomienda system was abolished by Spain through Royal Order issued by the King due to some abuses by the encomienda system. In 1603, the Labo encomienda became an original Spanish pueblo but new group of Spanish conquistadores was released to Labo as per ordered from Alcadia Nueva Caceres who took over in 1615 and made Labo a barrio and annexed to Indan (now Vinzons) where missionaries established its parish in 1581. In 1654 the place nearby what is now Labo river was known to the community as center of trade and commerce aside from religious festivities being conducted by Spanish missionaries for the cause of Christianity.
As early historians would write, the name LABO did not come from any legal decree nor was there a public clamor for a name. It was actually a product of clashing languages that resulted in bumbling misinterpretation. It was said that a native was asked by coming Spaniards after a flood (under the leadership of Sgt. Manuel Gonzalo de Villaceran, a missionary) a man with a boat came sailing across. The Spanish sergeant asked "QUE PUEBLO ESO ESTE" thinking that the sergeant was referring to the flooded Labo river, the native replied "MALABO PO ANG TUBIG" (the water is murky). The first word stuck since then.
In 1800, Labo was already included in the book of Agustin dela Cavada, Vol. 1 page 237 entitled CAVADA HISTORICAL DE FILIPINAS as one of the towns in the complete lists of all municipalities in the Philippines.
The Sangguniang Bayan passed a resolution #177-97, Ordinance #108 declaring September 8, 1800 as the creation of the municipality of Labo and approved by the Sangguniang Panlalawigan Resolution #325-97 dated September 19, 1997 and by the Governor dated September 29, 1997.
The town of Labo is geographically located relatively at the center of the province of Camarines Norte. It is approximately 335 kilometers south of Manila and 15 kilometers away from Daet, the capital town of the province. It is situated at the coordinates between 14°01'06" and 14°11" North latitudes and 122°21'00" and 122°52'20" East longitudes. On the North, it is bounded by the municipalities of Paracale, Jose Panganiban, and Capalonga, on the South, by the province of Quezon, adjoining province of Camarines Sur, on the East by the municipalities of Vinzons and San Vicente, and on the West by the municipality of Sta. Elena. The Maharlika highway links this municipality to provinces and cities of the Bicol Region and the Calabarzon (Region IV-A) region. Its aggregate land area of 648.84 km² occupies more than 25% of the total land area of the province. Its 52 component barangays represent 18.44% of the total barangays of the province. There are ten (10) classified as urban barangays namely Bagacay, Cabusay, Fundado, Anahaw, Bagong Silang I, Dalas, Gumamela, Kalamunding, Malasugui, Pinya, San Francisco, Talobatib and Tulay na Lupa, and the remaining thirty-nine are considered as rural barangays.
These traditions and beliefs are still widely practiced. Despite the growth of modern technologies, almost everybody still believes in luck.
An area of 390.39 km² (65.17% of municipal's land area) is devoted to agricultural crop production, 343.46 km² of which are coconut plantations. On the other hand, 18.47 km² is used for rice production. Banana production is also popular in the province, followed by Pineapple and Pili.
Tourism is also a good source of income for Labo, being surrounded by freshwater and mountains suitable for hikings.
Other community livelihood follows: pineapple and coco-based processing and preservation, pineapple weaving (Barong), jewelry making and accessories, foods manufacturing and beverages processing, other tourism related industries and wood and bamboo furniture making.
Recreation and hiking
Festivals and cultural entertainment
Labo is politically subdivided into 52 barangays.