Polskie Linie Lotnicze LOT S.A., trading as LOT Polish Airlines or LOT (Polskie Linie Lotnicze LOT, abbreviated as PLL LOT), is the flag carrier of Poland, based in Warsaw. The name Polskie Linie Lotnicze means "Polish Airlines" in Polish, while lot means "flight". LOT operates scheduled passenger and cargo services: domestic services link Warsaw with ten cities and over 50 routes are operated throughout Europe and to the Middle East and North America. Its main base is at Warsaw Frederic Chopin Airport. LOT has been a member of Star Alliance since 2003. Established in 1929, LOT is one of the oldest airlines in the world.
The airline is owned by the Polish government (67.97%), SAirLines B.V. (a member of SAirGroup) (25.1%) and employees (6.93%). It has 4,199 employees (March 2007).
Services were suspended during the Second World War, and all of LOT's aircraft were either destroyed or detained. From August 1944 until December 1945 the Polish Air Force maintained basic transport in the country. On 10 March 1945 the Polish government recreated the LOT airline. In 1946, seven years after the service was suspended, the airline restarted its operations after receiving 10 Lisunov Li-2, then further 30 Li-2 and 9 Douglas C-47. Both domestic and international services restarted that year, first to Berlin, Paris, Stockholm and Prague.
Five Sud-Est Languedoc joined the fleet in July 1947, followed by five Ilyushin Il-12B in April 1949 and 13-20 Ilyushin Il-14s in 1955-1957. After the stalinist period in Poland, few Western aircraft were acquired: five Convair 240 in October 1957 and 1959 and three Vickers Viscount in November 1962. Then the composition of the fleet shifted to Soviet aircraft only again.
The Ilyushin Il-18 (9 aircraft) was introduced in May 1961, leading to the establishment of routes to Africa and Middle East. The Antonov An-24 was delivered from April 1966 (20 used, on domestic routes), followed by the first jet airliners Tupolev Tu-134 in November 1968 (12 used) and the Ilyushin Il-62 long range jet airliner in May 1972. The introduction of Il-62 aircraft enabled transatlantic services to Montreal and New York. Tupolev Tu-154 mid-range airliners were acquired in the 1980s.
The current livery, with the large inscription LOT in blue on the fuselage front, and a blue tailfin, was introduced in 1977, but the circular representation of a stylized crane in flight remains unchanged over the years (with symmetry flips here and there, notably in corporate typography) and constitutes a highly regarded original Polish graphic design by Tadeusz Gronowski, a visual artist from Warsaw, who won the competition for creating the airline's logo in 1929, introduced 2 years later by the airline and kept through the years, despite many changes in livery
In the late 1980s, with the fall of the communist system, the fleet shifted back to Western aircraft, beginning with acquisitions of the Boeing 767-200 in April 1989, followed by the Boeing 767-300 in March 1990,ATR 72 in August 1991, Boeing 737-500 in December 1992 and Boeing 737-400 in April 1993. From the mid-1980s to early-1990s LOT flew from Warsaw to Chicago, Newark, New York and Toronto. In December 1992 the airline became a joint stock company, as a transitional step towards partial privatisation, which was effected in late 1999, with the SAirGroup acquiring a 37.6% stake. The Polish government has retained a controlling 51% holding. LOT created low cost arm Centralwings in 2004.
|Boeing 737-400||3||147 (48/99)||European and Middle-Eastern|
|Boeing 737-500||6||108 (36/72)||European and Middle-Eastern|
|Boeing 767-200ER||1||202 (12/190)||Transatlantic and Asian||Exit from service: November 2008|
|Boeing 767-300ER||5||243 (18/225)||Transatlantic||Have new long-haul business class|
|Boeing 787-8||(8 orders)||273 (24/249)||Transatlantic and Asian||Entry into service: 2010 |
European Launch Customer
|Embraer ERJ 145||6||48||Domestic and European|
|Embraer E-170||10||76||Domestic and European||Launch Customer|
|Embraer E-175||6 |
(12 orders + 12 options)
|82||Domestic and European|
On 7 September 2005 the airline ordered seven (with two options) Boeing 787-8 for its long haul operations for delivery in 2008. LOT Polish Airlines will be a European launch carrier for the 787-8 type.
Note: This list includes Star Alliance (SA) partners.