The Liverpool and Manchester Railway (LMR) 57 Lion is an early 0-4-2 steam locomotive. One of a pair designed for hauling freight (the other, number 58 was called Tiger), built by Todd, Kitson & Laird (later Kitsons) of Leeds in 1838.
In 1845 the LMR was absorbed by the Grand Junction Railway
(GJR), which in turn was one of the constituents of the London and North Western Railway
(LNWR) a year later. Lion
received a new boiler about 1845. It was used in traffic until about 1858, and in 1859 it was sold to the Mersey Docks
for use as a stationary engine
. It was used in that role until 1928 when it was replaced by an electric pump. It was then "rediscovered" and preserved. A new tender for it was constructed based on contemporary drawings.
Lion took part in the LMR centenary celebrations in 1930 and the London and Birmingham Railway centenary in 1938. It starred in the 1953 film The Titfield Thunderbolt, among others. It is the second oldest locomotive to be steamed, the older being the British-built American locomotive John Bull. For many years, Lion was on display at the Museum of Science and Industry in Manchester.
On 27 February 2007, Lion was moved by road from Manchester to Liverpool for conservation work prior to it taking pride of place in the new Museum of Liverpool.
London, Midland and Scottish Railway Royal Scot Class 4-6-0
locomotive 6142 was originally named Lion
. This loco was built by the North British Locomotive Company
in November 1927 and withdrawn in January 1964 as 46142 The York and Lancaster Regiment
D0260, a prototype diesel locomotive built by Birmingham Railway Carriage and Wagon Company in 1962 was named Lion.
- http://www.southernsteamtrains.com/alion.htm (see subpages)
- http://www.lnwrs.org.uk/GoodsLocos/ex001P.php photograph
- http://hex.oucs.ox.ac.uk/~rejs/photos/A40/Manchester/MSIM/ more photos (scroll down)