Laura

Laura

[lahv-rah; Eng. lah-vruh]
Ashley, Laura, 1925-85, British fashion designer and manufacturer. After serving in the Women's Royal Naval Service, she and her husband founded a company to produce silkscreened placemats, scarves, and tea towels. Her romantic and old-fashioned look carried over into women's clothing, home furnishings, children's wear, fabrics and wall coverings and to decorative accessories. Her more popular designs included a smock blouse, patch pockets, and dresses designed in the Edwardian style.
Laura, subject of the love poems of Petrarch. She is thought to be Laura de Noves (1308?-1348), wife of Hugo de Sade, but this has not been proved.
Mancini, Laura, duchesse de Mercɶur, 1636-57, eldest of five famous sisters, nieces of Cardinal Mazarin, who were called from Italy to enjoy his patronage at the French court. She was married to Louis de Vendôme, duc de Mercɶur, and grandson of Henry IV. Although not a beautiful as her sisters, she was greatly esteemed by Anne of Austria and Louis XIV. She was the mother of the famous General Vendôme. The second sister, Olympia Mancini, comtesse de Soissons, 1639?-1708, was after marriage, a member of the queen's household. Because of her court intrigues she was exiled. She was accused of poisoning both her husband and the queen of Spain, and to avoid imprisonment, escaped to the Low Countries, where she lived to see the military successes of her son, Prince Eugene of Savoy. Maria Mancini, princess of Colonna, 1640?-1715, third of the five sisters, received the attention of Louis XIV, who wished to marry her, but Mazarin prevented it. An unhappy marriage led her into many escapades. Most of her life was passed in Spain, where she had many misfortunes. Hortense Mancini, duchesse de Mazarin, 1646-99, fourth and most beautiful of the nieces, was the favorite of Cardinal Mazarin. Her hand was sought by the future kings of England and Portugal, but her uncle married her to Armand Charles de la Porte, who took the title duc de Mazarin. Hortense left her husband, and passed the remaining period of her life in England, where she was a court favorite. Marie Anne Mancini, duchesse de Bouillon, 1649-1714, was famous for her vivacity and wit. She became the center of a literary circle in Paris and was the patroness of La Fontaine. Because of her acquaintance with La Voisin (see Poison Affair) she was banished in 1680.
Bridgman, Laura, 1829-89, the first blind and deaf person to be successfully educated, b. Hanover, N.H. Under the guidance of Dr. S. G. Howe, of the Perkins School for the Blind, she learned to read and write and to sew, eventually becoming a sewing teacher at the school, where she remained until her death. As a girl and young woman, Bridgman was famous, her life and education described in newspapers and magazines worldwide. Her fame was later eclipsed by that of Helen Keller.

See biography by L. E. Richards (1928); E. Freeberg, The Education of Laura Bridgman (2001); E. Gitter, The Imprisoned Guest: Samuel Howe and Laura Bridgman (2001).

Keene, Laura, c.1826-1873, Anglo-American actress-manager, b. England. She played with Mme Vestris at the Lyceum, London. She emigrated to the United States in 1852 and became manager (1855) of Laura Keene's Varieties Theater, New York City. In 1856 she opened Laura Keene's Theater (later the Olympic) and successfully produced and acted in many foreign and American plays until 1863. Her most famous production was Tom Taylor's Our American Cousin, which she gave at Ford's Theater, Washington, D.C., when Lincoln was shot there in 1865.
orig. Laura Ingalls

(born Feb. 7, 1867, Lake Pepin, Wis., U.S.—died Feb. 10, 1957, Mansfield, Mo.) U.S. children's author. She led the pioneer life with her family, living in Kansas, Minnesota, Iowa, and South Dakota, where she married. With her husband she finally settled in Missouri, where she edited the Missouri Ruralist for 12 years before being encouraged by her daughter to write down her childhood memories, and the internationally popular Little House books (1932–43) were the result. They were the basis for a popular television series (1974–84).

Learn more about Wilder, Laura Ingalls with a free trial on Britannica.com.

orig. Laura Ingalls

(born Feb. 7, 1867, Lake Pepin, Wis., U.S.—died Feb. 10, 1957, Mansfield, Mo.) U.S. children's author. She led the pioneer life with her family, living in Kansas, Minnesota, Iowa, and South Dakota, where she married. With her husband she finally settled in Missouri, where she edited the Missouri Ruralist for 12 years before being encouraged by her daughter to write down her childhood memories, and the internationally popular Little House books (1932–43) were the result. They were the basis for a popular television series (1974–84).

Learn more about Wilder, Laura Ingalls with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Laura is a village in Miami County, Ohio, United States. The population was 487 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Dayton Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography

Laura is located at (39.994064, -84.407894).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.3 square miles (0.7 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 487 people, 175 households, and 131 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,714.6 people per square mile (671.5/km²). There were 182 housing units at an average density of 640.8/sq mi (251.0/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 97.54% White, 0.21% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.41% from other races, and 1.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.26% of the population.

There were 175 households out of which 41.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.0% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.1% were non-families. 17.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the village the population was spread out with 29.2% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 110.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.8 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $45,833, and the median income for a family was $46,250. Males had a median income of $33,542 versus $23,906 for females. The per capita income for the village was $17,912. About 2.7% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.0% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.

References

External links

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